Nigeria Correctional System
Axia College CJS/230
Nigeria Correction System 2
“Protect the society; reform the prisoner. If you cannot do the time, do not do the crime”. This is the motto used by the country of Nigeria, in regards to its correctional system. The slogan is an understatement when it comes to the actual and physical sense of being a prisoner in the Nigerian prisons. Nigerians prison systems concept of prison organization and administration was introduced by the British colonial administration. The present system to date still conforms to the British model (NCJRS government publications). Nigeria had a dual prison system for more than a half century until the consolidation of the federal and local prisons in 1968. The Nigerian Prison Service was headquartered in Lagos and headed by a director responsible for administering nearly 400 facilities. All of these facilities since 1975 came under federal control. The Chief Executive Officer is responsible for the formulations and implementation of penal policies in Nigeria. He is assisted by six Deputy Controllers-General (DCGs) who head the six broad administrative divisions called Directorates into which the Service is broken for efficient management. They are Operations, Administration Personnel Management Training and Supplies, Health and Social Welfare, Finance, Inmates Training and Productivity, and Works and Logistics. The Deputy Controller Generals who head the Directorates report directly to the Chief Executive Officer (Country data .com).
Nigeria Correctional System 3
In 1989 the prison staff was reported to be 18,000, an apparent decrease from the 23,000 level in 1983. The average daily prison population in 1976 was nearly 26,000, a 25 percent increase from 1975. Forty years later, Nigeria's prison population total is 46,000, of which some 30,000 are awaiting trial. Like most prisons over crowding is the number one problem, however, unlike U.S. prison system Nigeria’s state governors have had talks to execute death row inmates to ease overcrowding. “More than three of every five prison inmates in Nigeria have not been convicted of any offense; instead they wait years for their trial in appalling conditions,” said Aster van Kregten, Amnesty International’s Nigeria researcher. There are currently more than 870 death row inmates, including women and juveniles. Amnesty International research shows that many death row prisoners may be innocent as Nigeria’s justice systems have flaws. Many have been sentenced to death after blatantly unfair trials. Trials can take more than ten years to conclude. Appeals in some death row cases have been pending for a decade. Some never happen because case files have been lost. International law prohibits the use of the death penalty for crimes committed by people under the age of 18, yet in Nigeria juvenile offenders continue to be sentenced to death. Privatization is not an option in Nigeria’s correctional system due to political monopoly. Nigeria's prison system, as in most Third World countries, is inadequate. There is no systematic classification of prisoners. Young, old, suspects for minor of minor offenses are intermixed with dangerous and deranged criminals.
Nigeria Correctional System 4 Prison Life Nigeria's prisons are filled with people whose human rights are systematically violated. Approximately 65 per cent of the inmates are awaiting trial most of whom have been waiting for their trial for years. Living conditions in the prisons are appalling. They are damaging to the physical and...