Nicotine Patch and Smoking Cessation

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EFFECTIVENESS OF A SMOKING CESSATION PROGRAM
COMBINED WITH TRANSDERMAL NICOTINE
A THESIS SUBMITTED TO
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
OF
MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
BY
NURHAK SÖNMEZ
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS
FOR
THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE
IN
PSYCHOLOGY
APRIL 2008
Approval of the Graduate School of Social Sciences
Prof. Dr. Sencer Ayata
Director
I certify that this thesis satisfies all the requirements as a thesis for the degree of Master of Science.
Prof. Dr. Nebi Sümer
Head of Department
This is to certify that we have read this thesis and that in our opinion it is fully adequate, in scope and quality, as a thesis for the degree of Master of Science. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Faruk Gençöz
Supervisor
Examining Committee Members:
Prof. Dr. A. Nuray Karancı (METU, PSY)
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Faruk Gençöz (METU, PSY)
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hakan Türkçapar (Ank. Egt. Ars. Hast.)
iii
I hereby declare that all information in this document has been obtained and presented in accordance with academic rules and ethical conduct. I also declare that, as required by these rules and conduct, I have fully cited and referenced all material and results that are not original to this work. Name, Last name :

Signature :
iv
ABSTRACT
EFFECTIVENESS OF A SMOKING CESSATION PROGRAM COMBINED
WITH TRANSDERMAL NICOTINE
Sönmez, Nurhak
M.S., Department of Psychology
Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Faruk Gençöz
March 2008, 108 pages
The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of a cognitivebehavioral smoking cessation program combined with nicotine patches in a university student sample. Moreover, changes in self-efficacy judgments of both experimental and control group participants were examined. 37 students from various departments of Middle East Technical University participated in the study. Participants in the experimental group received a 6-week group based multicomponent smoking cessation program combined with nicotine patches, whereas those in the control group were provided with self-help booklets. Point prevalence abstinence was used as the main outcome measure, which was verified by CO-measurement in exhaled air both at post-treatment and follow-ups. Separate one-way ANOVAs and repeated measures ANOVAs were used in data analysis. Results showed that there were no significant differences between the experimental and control group in terms of their degree of motivation, readiness and decision to quit smoking, nicotine dependence, depression, self-efficacy, and perceived social v

support at pre-treatment. Results of the repeated measures ANOVA with CO-values showed that the CO-levels of experimental groups significantly declined from pretreatment to post-treatment and to follow-ups. Abstinence rates for the experimental group were found to be 66.67%, 55.55% and 45.44% at post-treatment, 1-month follow-up and 2-months follow-up respectively. On the other hand, abstinence rates for the control group were found to be 11.76%, 5.88% and 5.88% at post-treatment, 1-month follow-up and 2-months follow-up respectively. Moreover, it was found that self-efficacy scores of experimental group participants significantly increased at post-treatment, whereas those of control group participants significantly decreased from pre-treatment to post-treatment. The findings were discussed in the light of the relevant literature. After discussing the limitations and implications of the study, directions for future studies were suggested.

Keywords: Smoking cessation; Cognitive-behavioral; Transdermal nicotine patches; CO measurement.
vi
ÖZ
TRANSDERMAL N_KOT_N _LE KOMB_NE ED_LM_S S_GARA BIRAKMA
PROGRAMININ ETK_L_L_G_
Sönmez, Nurhak
Yüksek Lisans, Psikoloji Bölümü
Tez Yöneticisi: Doç. Dr. Faruk Gençöz
Mart 2008, 108 sayfa
Bu çalısmada, nikotin bantları ile kombine edilmis bilissel-davranısçı sigara bırakma programının etkililiginin, üniversite ögrencilerinden olusan bir örneklemde ölçülmesi...
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