5. How far was Nicholas II responsible for the fall of the Romanovs in 1917? Nicholas II being the last tsar of the Romanov dynasty that lasted for over 300 years, is accountable for the fall of the Romanovs in 1917, however, there are various other reasons too that involved in the ultimate fall of tsarism in Russia in February 1917. While Nicholas’s indecisiveness played a major role in portraying his negligence, the other factors that involved the fall of tsarism were, the declining economic standards and the growth of political opposition along with Nicholas II’s penultimate absence when he was most needed in his country, due to the involvement in the first world war, which was another mistake made by the tsar. Soon after the 1905 revolution, with the tsar’s willingness to share power through the establishment of the Dumas, he was able to satisfy his opposition in the promise of reforms and more press freedom. Nevertheless, after the first two Dumas’ being out of hand with too many demands to make reforms in Russia, the tsar decided to restrict the members of the Dumas to be only of certain wealth and of class therefore making sure that peasants and revolutionary minded candidates won’t participate in the elections. This is one area through which the tsar gained a lot of unpopularity amongst the people as he was still unwilling to share power with the people, however there were many reforms brought out through the Dumas that were helpful in the future such as the abolishment of the land captains and giving people more freedom to move around Russia improving both the economy through more employment in factories and this also brought more people into cities. These reforms were especially brought about by Stolypin, who helped to improve Russia’s economy through the advancements of weapons and exploitation of coal, iron and steel.
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