Newman's Health Theory Critique

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Introduction* – complete; clear statement of paper purpose; identification of theory & theorist; statement of paper content.
*No Introduction Heading as per APA 6th Edition
10

The theory of health as expanding consciousness stems from Rogers' theory of unitary human beings. •The theory of health as expanding consciousness was stimulated by concern for those for whom health as the absence of disease or disability is not possible, (Newman, 2010). •The theory has progressed to include the health of all persons regardless of the presence or absence of disease, (Newman, 2010). •The theory asserts that every person in every situation, no matter how disordered and hopeless it may seem, is part of the universal process of expanding consciousness – a process of becoming more of oneself, of finding greater meaning in life, and of reaching new dimensions of connectedness with other people and the world, (Newman, 2010).

• The health of a human being is a unitary phenomenon, an evolving pattern of human-environment (Rogers, 1970).

• Life is a process of expanding consciousness. Consciousness is the informational capacity of the system and can be seen in the quality of interaction of the system with the environment (Bentov, 1978). • The explicate order is a manifestation of the implicate order (Bohm, 1980).

Theory Assessment 35
Theory Purpose (complete & clear; purpose & sub-purposes) (10)

“The theory of health as expanding consciousness (HEC) was stimulated by concern for those for whom health as the absence of disease or disability is not possible. Nurses often relate to such people: people facing the uncertainty, debilitation, loss and eventual death associated with chronic illness. The theory has progressed to include the health of all persons regardless of the presence or absence of disease. The theory asserts that every person in every situation, no matter how disordered and hopeless it may seem, is part of the universal process of expanding consciousness – a process of becoming more of oneself, of finding greater meaning in life, and of reaching new dimensions of connectedness with other people and the world” (Newman, 2010). •• An individual person in each situation, no matter how disordered and hopeless, is part of the universal process of expanding consciousness.

• The expanding consciousness is a process wherein an individual becomes more of his real self, as he finds greater meaning in his life and the lives of those people around him.

• In his/her search for his/her real self, the individual's awareness expands to include the interests of those people around him and the rest of the world.

• Self-awareness may eventually lead to acceptance of one's self and one's circumstances and limitations.

• With self-awareness and self-acceptance, an in-depth understanding of one's condition may pave the way for a person to engage into activities leading to positive progression transcending

Theory Concepts (complete & clear; concepts & sub-concepts;
assessment of explicit and/or implicit concepts)
(10)

Health is the expansion of consciousness

Humans are open to the whole energy system of the universe and constantly interacting with the energy. With this process of interaction humans are evolving their individual pattern of whole. •According to Newman understanding the pattern is essential. The expanding consciousness is the pattern recognition. •The manifestation of disease depends on the pattern of individual so the pathology of the diseases exists before the symptoms appear so removal of disease symptoms does not change the individual structure. •Newman also redefines nursing according to her nursing is the process of recognizing the individual in relation to environment and it is the process of understanding of consciousness. •The nurse helps to understand people to use the power within to develop the higher level of consciousness. •Thus it helps to realize the disease...
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