Essay Exam #1
1. Compare and contrast the New Nationalism and the New Freedom. In your view, which of these programs was the best approach to curtail the concentration of corporate and industrial power?
Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt both had a mixture of liberal and conservative
views. Although they disagreed on things, they both hoped for a better economy. Both policies
were for decreasing corruption and economic problems. Disagreements and all, New
Nationalism and New Freedom paved the way for modern liberalism and conservatism.
Both Wilson and Roosevelt catered to the Progressive movement.
New Freedom was Woodrow Wilson’s philosophy of how the economy should be. New
Freedom stood for freedom of government control of large monopolies. He created regulations to
prevent businesses from abusing their power. His biggest interest was to have limited powers
over the economy, which he believed would bring individualism and freedom in business
competition. Their ideas were different about how the government should handle restraint of
private power as in through tearing apart corporations that had too much economic power.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Nationalism He opposed Roosevelt’s philosophy of New
Nationalism. Mainly about anti trust modification. He believed that New Nationalism was all for
collectivism. was for political and economic liberty from things like a powerful businesses. He
believed that small companies should compete, instead of allowing huge businesses to run the
country. Woodrow Wilson wanted the government to have limited powers.
In a speech at Osawatomie, Kansas in 1910, Theodore Roosevelt outlined a program of
sweeping reform. He called it “New Nationalism.” New Nationalism stressed the interests of the
nation as a whole and the value of government as an agent of reform.
Nation of Nations A Narrative History of the American Republic Volume II: Since 1865
Chapters 17-32 6th Edition Page 654
It was an analysis of American society and the role the government should play. Theodore
Roosevelt wanted to enact federal intervention to promote social justice. The economic reform
proposal consisted of social reform through progressive taxation to help reduce poverty. He
suggested that health and safety legislation were mainly for women and children.
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/411877/New-Nationalism His reform included law tariff
and trust regulation. www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O46-NewNationalism.html
He believed in order to have a successful economy and protection of individual rights, a strong
government had to be formed. Some of his concerns were to protect the interest of the common
man and consumer by the government ruling over larger companies. New Nationalism was for
Both being progressives, Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt had different ideas
for the United States, These perspectives were shown in their speeches. Wilson wanted to
destroy trusts to better economy and to allow small businesses to be more established. He did
not want government to be involved in regulating businesses. This contradicted with Roosevelt’s
New Nationalism because he wanted a strong government to regulate the economy and stop
corporate companies from abusing powers. These philosophies differed mainly with government
power. Wilson did not want government power but, Roosevelt did.
Roosevelt and Wilson used different ways to add to the progressive movement. They
both made changes that needed to be made to better the future of the country. They both had
goals that had the best interest of the American people in mind.
Wilson's New Freedom vs. Roosevelt's New Nationalism...
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