New Media and Political Marketing in the United States

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Journal of Political Marketing
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New Media and Political Marketing in the
United States: 2012 and Beyond
a

Terri L. Towner & David A. Dulio

a

a

Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA
Version of record first published: 14 Mar 2012.

To cite this article: Terri L. Towner & David A. Dulio (2012): New Media and Political Marketing in the United States: 2012 and Beyond, Journal of Political Marketing, 11:1-2, 95-119 To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15377857.2012.642748

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Journal of Political Marketing, 11:95–119, 2012
Copyright # Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN: 1537-7857 print=1537-7865 online
DOI: 10.1080/15377857.2012.642748

New Media and Political Marketing in the
United States: 2012 and Beyond
TERRI L. TOWNER and DAVID A. DULIO
Downloaded by [University of East Anglia Library] at 12:12 02 February 2013

Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA

Technology is an ever-evolving aspect of political campaigns in the United States. Even before the days when sophisticated survey research or television advertising burst on the scene, campaigners were seeking ways to campaign more efficiently and effectively. The Internet has provided a wealth of opportunities for candidates and their campaigns to use technology in creative and innovative ways. The 2008 U.S. presidential campaign clearly illustrated this. But the question becomes: What is next? Where does new media go from here, and, more importantly for scholars, what kind of research questions will be central when studying these new uses of technology? This article begins with a discussion of where new media, and the study of it, go in 2012 and beyond. We briefly take a look back at the 2008 election in which campaigns made great strides in the use of new media, breaking new ground by using tools such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and other online video sharing sites and many others in ways that had not been seen before. We also look ahead and discuss what we expect in the 2012 U.S. elections and beyond. We do this from the perspective of campaigns—how candidates and their advisors as well as voters will use new media—and from the perspective of scholars: What are the directions for future research in these areas?

KEYWORDS campaigns, elections, Facebook, Internet, new
media, online, social networks, Twitter, YouTube

Address correspondence to Terri L. Towner, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Oakland University, 426 Varner Hall, Rochester, MI 48309, USA. E-mail: towner@ oakland.edu
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T. L. Towner and D. A. Dulio

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INTRODUCTION
Campaigns are fundamentally about...
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