This report is an analysis on Tutankhamun’s tomb and what the contents reveal about Egyptian religious beliefs and practices in New Kingdom Egypt. The following sub-headings will describe and explain the contribution that each have made within the historical context.
Treasures and Artefacts
The exploration of Tutanhkamun’s tomb, which was the first and only royal tomb that had been found fully intact in the Valley of the Kings, reveals information about the Egyptian burial practices and beliefs (Sheldon, N. 2010). There are many pieces of evidence to help us to understand the Egyptians life and afterlife, such as: • the Shabtis
• the Canopic shrine
• inlaid throne
• the gold mask
• the kings firelighter
• the kings mannequin
• archery equipment
• model boats
• boomerangs and throwsticks
• boxes and chests,
• Furniture including, chairs and stools. Many items of furniture were intended for other family members and hastily donated to the young king, • chariot equipment,
• figures of gods
• Jewellery and amulets
• musical instruments
• a portable pavilion
Each of these treasures and artefacts have a great significance behind them for example the Shabtis were all placed in a box near the kings resting place and supposably were called upon in the afterlife to do manual labor, these magical little statuettes would come to life when the king uttered the special Shabtis words.
Tutankhamun had a quick burial because of his sudden death. Following the mummification of his human remains, his body was placed in a gold coffin and transported across the Nile to the Valley of the Kings. The people that were at his funeral procession were Tutankhamun's wife, Horemheb, close relatives, priests and the highest officials of the land. [pic]
The tomb in which Tutankhamun was buried was probably intended for another person, but because of the young pharaoh's untimely death, it became his final resting place. Following the ritual "opening of the mouth" performed by his successor, Ay who was looking to bury tutankhamun as quickly as possible in the way of a successor so he could become the new pharaoh of Egypt.
Society and Events
In the new kingdom Egypt, the Pharaohs, great Egyptian leaders, were seen as gods who ruled within this society, they were divine representatives on earth who, through rituals, ensured the continuation of life. After death, they became immortal, joining the gods in the afterworld. The Egyptians believed that the body and soul were important to human existence, in life and in death. Their funerary practices, such as mummification and burial in tombs, were designed to assist the deceased find their way in the afterworld. [pic]
When a Pharaoh died the Egyptians believed that there were 12 hours of night, passing through each gate containing an obstacle paired up with the sun god Ra. Eventually the pharaoh would reach the end of the 12 hours/gates and would have to fight the evil serpent. After this process was completed the pharaoh would then achieve everlasting life. This process would have to be repeated every day until the next pharaoh had died and taken his place. The Egyptians believe that this is what the sun god Ra and their dead king have to go through (12 hours of night) and if he completes his journey the sun would rise the next day.
Paintings on the tomb walls
The tomb of King Tut contained remarkable treasures but it also contained some wonderful tomb paintings and scenes. Each wall of the tomb has a distinctive theme. The East Wall depicts the Funeral Procession, the West Wall contains text from the Amduat, the South Wall depicts his arrival in the Underworld and the North Wall of the tomb shows the arrival of...