1. What was new imperialism?
New Imperialism refers to the colonial expansion adopted by Europe's powers and, later, Japan and the United States, during the 19th and early 20th centuries; from the Franco-Prussian War to World War I The period is distinguished by an unprecedented pursuit of what has been termed "empire for empire's sake," aggressive competition for overseas territorial acquisitions and the emergence in colonizing . 2. Define the white man’s burden and the scramble for Africa? The white man’s burden was a term used to describe when the Europeans decided to colonize Africa and then went on to spread the Christian religion and spread the idea of democracy to the heathens of the African continent. The Scramble for Africa, also known as the Race for Africa, was the proliferation of conflicting European claims to African territory during the New Imperialism period, between the 1880s and World War I in 1914. 3. What were the criticisms of the New Imperialism?
The negative effect of new imperialism was the fact that Africa was divided among the natural boundaries and not by the cultural boundaries affecting Africa in the long run and also stripping Africa of all their natural resources and destroyed their government. 4. How did the Berlin Conference affect Africa?
The 14 European powers that held this conference had no considerations of the peoples of Africa. They had decided to split Africa based on environmental boundaries and not on the tribal boundaries which would later case war and the dysfunctional government that Africa had today.
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