New England vs. the Chesapeake Region

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New England vs. the Chesapeake Region (DBQ)

Settlers arrived to the Chesapeake region only to be greeted by unhealthy lands full of despair and labor. New Englanders, on the other hand, were welcomed by fresh air and clean water. As the years passed, the state of these two lands stabilized a bit with each other, but the people’s way of living in these regions did not. New England and the Chesapeake region developed differently because of the types of people who came to each of these places, the goals settlers had in mind when they came, and their individuality/teamwork.

The Chesapeake region was occupied mainly by single men, while New England had families. The list of emigrants bound for New England is detailed, with the age of the passenger and their relationship with another person on board, with a decent amount of women (Doc. B). However, the list of emigrants bound for Virginia only has the person’s name and age, with less than twenty women on board (Doc. C). As a result, New England became very populous while the Chesapeake had a less than satisfactory population.

Another reason why the two regions were different was because the settlers each had different goals to fulfill. New Englanders, for example, wanted to start a new life with religious freedom. John Winthrop discusses how the settlers “Must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. […] if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, […] we shall be made a story and a by-word throughout the world”. The Puritan settlers incorporated their beliefs in many things, as well as proper education. For instance, children were taught religion, as well as reading and writing. The people also ran their own churches and had a congregational church government, similar to democracy in a political government. Settlers in the Chesapeake area, however, only desired wealth from gold and agriculture by using slaves. Captain John Smith recounts his experience as “The worse […]...
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