New England and the Chesapeake Region

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Both the New England and the Chesapeake region were settled by English people and to an extent, they did develop into two distinct colonies. The differences in the development that resulted have many reasons. One of the most important differences is their reason for immigration. The pilgrims, one of the earliest settlers came to America for three basic reasons, gold, glory and gospel. These people were seeking riches, adventure and were also eager to spread their religion, however they differed from they Anglican Church or church of England. Their goal was to come to America and purify the Church of England and prove to them their way was better, and then someday return back to England with their modified religion.

In Document A, John Winthrop the leader of the Puritans writes about what they plan to do, before landing. Winthrop speaks of the city on the hill, which they picture as a model society, which they picture as a model Puritan religion and way of life shapes their colony and takes it in a different direction form the Southern Colonies. The pilgrims that landed at Jamestown in 1607 were not so religiously inclined as the Puritans. Document F, the history of Virgina written by the leader of the colony John Smith describes how hard it was in the first few years at Jamestown. There was little food, new diseases, lots of quarreling between the settlers and they had many problems with the indians, as mentioned in Document G. Many died from starvation and diseases in the colony and by the time the supply ship from England arrived, the colony was almost devastated.

Another major difference in the Northern and Southern regions were their crops and what they produced. In the Northern colonies they mainlly were shipbuilders and fishermen because there were lots of the taller trees necessary for the masts of the ships. This turned the north into a primarily industrial area, while the south developed into an agricultural area. After tabacco was introduced to...
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