US History 1 Honors
October 4, 2010
The events leading up to 1700 that occurred in the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies made both of these establishments vastly different. While both the New England and Chesapeake colonies can be separated by their culture, and government and religion, their motivations for colonizing was the most significant factor in differentiating the two.
The New England and Chesapeake colonies were both settled for different purposes, and this played a major role in why the colonies were both so distinct. John Winthrop said in A Model of Christian Charity that the New England colonies were intended to be based upon family and unity (Doc A). The New England colonies were obviously meant to be permanent, very close-knit settlements. The settlers that colonized the land of New England were usually families. The Chesapeake colonies, on the other hand, were not intended to be permanent settlements at all. In fact, they were quite the opposite. The Chesapeake colonies were established to make profit. In the Chesapeake colonies, the normal group of settlers wasn’t at all families, but mostly all single men and some indentured servants. There was much less variety in age, and also the ratio of men to women settlers was 6:1. According to Captain John Smith in History of Virginia, the trip across the Atlantic was brutal, and to make things worse, the settlers didn’t get along with each other (Doc F). Even though both of the colonies may or may not have achieved their goal, their reasons for establishing a settlement made the societies they later became vastly different.
The very different motivations for colonizing led the societies of the Chesapeake and New England colonies to be even more different, especially in aspects of their culture. The family life in the colonies was determined by the type of settlers that were attracted to the colonies, which was, of course, affected by the motivations...