New Deal and Civilian Conservation Corps

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Roosevelt’s New Deal
Cora E. Parks
January 16 2013

The New Deal was a series of programs created by the 32nd President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, during a time of economic depression to help the poor and destitute people of the nation by creating jobs, providing economic recovery, helping restore damaged areas in the U.S., and much more. In 1932, when the American public voted President Herbert Hoover out of office, they were searching for an end to the economic troubles and high unemployment rates that had smothered the nation U.S. for two years. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] They turned to Franklin D. Roosevelt, a man who promised better life than the one many people were now living. When FDR took office he immediately commenced revitalization of the nation’s economy. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] In response to the depression that hung over the nation in the early 1930s, President Roosevelt created many programs designed to put Americans back to work. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] These programs would eventually be known as the New Deal. President Roosevelt was determined to preserve the pride of American workers in their ability to earn a living, so he concentrated on creating jobs. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] In his first 100 days in office, President Roosevelt approved several Acts and Programs as parts of his New Deal, including the Emergency Conservation Work Act (ECW), better known as the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] Also he created the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA), the Civil Works Administration (CWA), the Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA), the Wagner Act (NLRB), the National Industrial Recovery Act (NRA), the Works Project Administration (WPA), and many more. One of the many programs President Roosevelt created as part of his New Deal to help people who had been affected by the Great Depression was the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). The Civilian Conservation Corps sent 250,000 young men to work camps to perform reforestation and conservation tasks. This removed surplus of workers from cities, provided healthy conditions for boys, and provided money for families. [ (New Deal Programs) ] With the creation of this program President Roosevelt brought together the nation’s young men and the land in an effort to save them both. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] President Roosevelt proposed to recruit thousands of unemployed young men, enlist them in a peacetime army, and send them to battle the erosion and destruction of the nation’s natural resources. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] More than any other New Deal program, the CCC is considered to be an extension of President Roosevelt’s personal philosophy. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] The CCC, which also became known as Roosevelt’s Tree Army, was credited with renewing the nation’s decimated forests by planting an estimated three billion trees from 1933 to 1942. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] This was crucial, especially in states affected by the Dust Bowl, where reforestation was necessary to break the wind, hold water in soil, and hold soil in place. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] So far reaching was the CCC’s reforestation program that it was responsible for more than half the reforestation, public and private, accomplished in the nation’s history. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] Eligibility requirements for the CCC carried several simple stipulations. Congress required U.S. citizenship only. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] Sound physical fitness was mandatory because of the hard physical labor required. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] Men had to be unemployed, unmarried, and between the ages of 18 and 26, although the rules were eventually relaxed for war veterans. [ (Civilian Conservation Corps CCC) ] Enlistment was for duration of six months, although many...
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