New Deal

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1. Considers the controversial issue announced by the professor in the initial threads for conferencing (note the initial discussion topic on the course schedule. 2. Identifies at least four examples of primary sources (i.e., letters, diaries, publications) related to the issue; see Michael Johnson, Reading the American Past for examples. 3. Constructs a thesis statement based upon the examples. 4. Consults a number of additional secondary sources that help to develop a thesis; see Alan Brinkley, American History for suggestions. 5. Incorporates an introduction, body, and conclusion. 6. Organizes paragraphs with approximately eight sentences developing a single topic. 7. Elaborates major points with a degree of specificity. 8. Clarifies premises using coherent diction.

9. Avoids spelling errors, awkward language, improper grammar, flawed punctuation, and other technical mistakes. 10. Includes at least four pages of full typed text circumscribed by one inch margins, making each double spaced page approximately 250 words and 25-27 lines with a standard type 12 point font. 11. Uses a documentation style guide consistently and correctly; see the Chicago Style (University of Wisconsin) or MLA style guide for examples. 12. Adds a properly formatted bibliography per the above style guide chosen. 13. Prior to submitting your research paper, you will be required to take the Plagiarism tutorial and quiz, please see content area for more the tutorial.

• Chapter 24: The New Deal Experiment, 1932-1939 • Who were the major sources of opposition to the New Deal? How did President Roosevelt respond to these opponents? *hint* Make sure you include all of the opposition in this discussion.

For all the credit Roosevelt has been given for the success (or otherwise) of the New Deal, there was opposition in America to both what he was doing with regards to his economic policies to combat unemployment and to the beliefs he was perceived to have held. Though Roosevelt had enormous success in the elections of 1936, 1940 and 1944, this success is somewhat disguised by the structure of America’s elections whereby a presidential candidate can win a state with the bare majority of votes but win all of what are called Electoral College seats for that state. Once a presidential candidate has a majority of Electoral College seats for the states that have announced their election result, they win the election and any state that has yet to announce its results does so to go through formalities. Roosevelt’s own social class was horrified by the actions of the president. The president had been born in to a privileged family who lived a rich lifestyle on the east-coast of America – Roosevelt had been born at Hyde Park in New York State and spent his summer holidays at Campobello Island where the family had a summer holiday home.   To finance his first New Deal, Roosevelt had introduced higher taxes for the rich. They felt that he had betrayed his class and he was expelled from his social club for letting down "his people". Roosevelt's response was typically blunt claiming that the policies he was pursuing would tread on the toes of the few while the majority benefited. The New Deal also faced a lot of opposition from the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court took its stance from a legal viewpoint and in 1935 it effectively declared the National Recovery Administration (NRA) illegal. In the following year it declared the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) unconstitutional thus killing off the AAA. The point made by the Supreme Court was that any efforts made to help farmers etc. should come at a state level and not federal level and that these parts of the New Deal went against the powers given to the states by the Constitution. 11 out of 16 of the Alphabet Laws were decreed unconstitutional in cases heard by the Supreme Court. The argument of the Supreme Court was that...
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