New Amsterdam to New York: The Nutmeg's Role

Topics: Dutch East India Company, Banda Islands, Dutch Empire Pages: 1 (251 words) Published: October 13, 2011
Jon Fragozo

New Amsterdam = New York?

How did New Amsterdam become New York because of nutmeg?

In the 16th century the Dutch had grown in power with modern weaponry and ships they became masters of the spice trade. It was no sooner until the late 1600's that the began to want to establish there monopoly on the spice trade. They became masters of the trade through the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (Dutch East India Company). In order for the Dutch to become masters of the trade they needed to take control of the nutmeg trade of the Banda Islands even though previously a treaty with native chiefs was supposed to state that they had sole rights to purchase all the nutmeg produced on the islands but the concept was probably not accepted by them. Eventually the Dutch were able to take the Banda Islands and many of the population enslaved by the settlers to oversee the production of nutmeg.

The only threat to the Dutch were the english help portion of the Banda Islands called Run. Run was one of the most remote of the Banda Islands, it was said to have had a great concentration of nutmeg groves that they were clinging to the side of cliffs. After many attempted sieges of the island the British decided to make the Treaty of Breda. The treaty gave up the island to the Dutch in exchange for the island of Manhattan which was known as New Amsterdam and became New York.
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