TRIDENT UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL AVIE MARIE JOHNSTONE
STRATEGIC CORPORATE FINANCE
FIN501 MODULE 5 CASE ASSIGNMENT PROFESSOR WALTER WITHAM
MARCH 18, 2013
Summary
Part I:
Net Present Value (NPV) method is one of the most important methods which is used to make capital budgeting decisions by almost every company. NPV method is important because it helps financial managers to maximize shareholders’ wealth by making better capital budgeting decisions. Suppose Google (http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=goog&ql=1) is considering a new project that will cost $2,425,000 (initial cash outflow). The company has provided the following cash flow figures to you: Year Cash Flow
0 $2,425,000
1 450,000
2 639,000
3 700,000
4 550,000
5 1,850,000
If Google's cost of capital (discount rate) is 11%, what is the project's net present value? Based on your analysis and findings, what would you recommend to the executives and the shareholders of Google? Should the project be accepted? The shareholders of Google would also like to know the meaning of NPV concept. 1)
...Examples Of NetPresentValue (NPV), ROI and
Payback Analysis
Introduction
Terms and Definitions
NetPresentValue  Method of calculating the expected net monetary gain or loss from a project by discounting all expected future cash inflows and outflows to the present point in time.
Discount Rate  Also known as the hurdle rate or required rate of return, is the rate that a project must achieve in order to be accepted rather than rejected.
Return on Investment – Expected income divided by the amount originally invested
Payback Analysis – The number of years needed to recover the initial cash outlay.
Formulas
NetPresentValue = (t=1..n A * (1+r)t OR (t=1..n A/ (1+r)t
Where A = Cash flow
r = Required rate of return
t = year of cash flow
n = the nth year
Return On Investment = (Discounted Benefits – Discounted Costs) / Discounted Costs
Payback Period = Years taken to repay initial outlay .
Eg. Project Z Outlay = $ 4000
Yearly cash flows = $2000...
...shareholders’ wealth. Therefore, merger and acquisition decisions should be consistent with shareholder wealth maximization, and financial characteristics of the targets to consider in the decisionmaking process. The netpresentvalue method is one of the useful methods that help financial managers to maximize shareholders’ wealth. The capital budgeting decision mergers AcquisitionsNetPresentValue
Financial managers are working for the shareholders and their primary goal is profit maximization in order to maximize the wealth of the company and the shareholders. The Capital budgeting decision focuses on the netpresentvalue method, the payback period, and the internal rate of return method. This paper has two parts, where the first aspect relates to the capital budgeting decision. This paper will recommend if Goggle should accept a new project by using the netpresentvalue method. Next, the paper will discuss Google's potential acquisition of Groupon and if it will add value to the shareholders of both corporations. Finally, this paper will make a recommendation to Goggle and Groupon on the best course of action for a merger or acquisition.
Part I
First, a financial manger has to make...
...companies
* However, it is found inappropriate to use DCF methods for investments that have got strategic implications.
* There are various reasons for the use of open approach. Since the outcomes of these projects are highly unforeseen, according one interviewee, the application of quantitative tools is not plausible. Therefore, companies tend to apply the rule of thumb methods rather than standardized quantitative models. The justification for not applying quantitative models is some times attributed to the nature of a project.
Capital inv appraisal of new technologies: Problems, misconceptions and research directions
* Specifically, it has been alleged that the traditional appraisal methods of payback,
discounted netpresentvalue (NPV) and internal rate of return (IRR) undervalues the longterm
benefits; that traditional financial appraisals assume a far too static view of future industrial
activity, underrating the effects and pace of technological change; that there are many benefits
from investments in new technology which are difficult to quantify and are often ignored in the
appraisal process; and lastly, it is claimed that the systems of management control often employed
by large organizations compound the bias against those investments which, although expensive,
reap rewards vital for longterm viability. The first issue is a criticism of financial technique; the
next two are criticisms of the...
...
FINC5001 Capital Market and Corporate Finance

Workshop 5 – Capital Budgeting II
1. Basic Concepts Review
a) In applying NetPresentValue, what factors do we include, and what factors do we ignore?
Use cash flows not accounting income
Ignore
* sunk costs
* financing costs
Include
* opportunity costs
* side effects
* working capital
* taxation
* inflation
2. Practice Questions
a) After spending $3 million on research, Better Mousetraps has developed a new trap. The project requires an initial investment in plant and equipment of $6 million. This investment will be depreciated straightline over five years to a value of zero, but, when the project comes to an end in five years, the equipment can in fact be sold for $500,000. The firm believes that working capital at each date must be maintained at 10% of next year's forecasted sales. Production costs are estimated at $1.50 per trap and the traps will be sold for $4 each. (There are no marketing expenses.) Sales forecasts are given in the following table. The firm pays tax at 35% and the required return on the project is 12%. What is the NPV?

Figures in 000's  
Year  0  1  2  3  4  5 
Unit Sales   500  600  1,000  1,000  600 
Revenues   2,000  2,400  4,000  4,000  2,400 ...
...additional mutually exclusive projects, for Week’s four assignment, Team D will formulate answers to determine what between Project A and Project B each project’s payback period, netpresentvalue, and internal rate of return. In addition, the team will give an analysis of what caused the ranking conflict and which project should be accepted and why. With a final comment, the team will describe factors Caledonia must consider if they were doing a lease versus buy.
Cash flows associated with these projects
RRR = 11%
Year PROJECT A PROJECT B 11%
0 ($100,000) ($100,000)
1 32,000
2 32,000 0
3 32,000 0
4 32,000 0
5 32,000 $200,000
NPV $18,269 $18,690
Required rate of return on these projects is 11 percent
a. What is each project’s payback period?
Year Project A Project B PresentValue (PV) @ 11% Project A Project B
0 100,000 100,000 1 100000 100,000
1 32,000 0 0.90 28828 0
2 32,000 0 0.81 25971 0
3 32,000 0 0.73 23398 0
4 32,000 0 0.66 21079 0
5 32,000 200,000 0.59 18990 118690
Project a 100000/32,000=3.125 years
Project b 100,000/200,000=0.5 There was no cash flow for the first 4 years 4+0.5=4.5 years
Project A’s payback period is 3.125 years whereas Project B is 4.5 years.
b. What is each project’s netpresentvalue?
The NPV for Project A is $18,269, whereas the NPV...
...investment but low rate investment such as Tbills or bonds.
E) Which of the following is true about the NPV and IRR techniques?
1) The NPV and IRR techniques always provide the same ranking of different investment projects.
2) The NPV and IRR techniques explicitly consider the cost of capital and the time value of money.
3) All projects can have only one value for NPV and one value for IRR.
4) The NPV technique cannot provide information on how acquiring the project will contribute to shareholders’ wealth.
Explanation: NPV calculates presentvalue of investment and opportunity cost of capital and IRR takes time value of money and cost of capital into consideration as well.
F) Which of the following is false?
1) The profitability index method explicitly considers the time value of money and the firm’s cost of capital.
2) The payback period is preferred by managers since it is simple, easy to calculate, and estimates how quickly the project cash flows will return the investment in the project.
3) The disadvantages of the payback period method are that it ignores project cash flows which occur after the payback period as well as the time value of money.
4) The profitability index method always ranks all projects in the same way that the IRR method does.
Explanation: In IRR method projects are accepted if the IRR is greater then...
...accounting concepts
a) Business entity
b) Money measurement
c) Continuity
d) Cost
e) Accrual
f) Conservatism
g) Materiality
h) Consistency
i) Periodicity
Solution: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF ACCOUNTING
Accounting is the language of business and it is used to communicate financial information. In order for that information to make sense, accounting is based on 12 fundamental concepts. These fundamental concepts then form the basis for all of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). By using these concepts as the foundation, readers of financial statements and other accounting information do not need to make assumptions about what the numbers mean.
For instance, the difference between reading that a truck has a value of $9000 on the balance sheet and understanding what that $9000 represents is huge. Can you turn around and sell the truck for $9000? If you had to buy the truck today, would you pay $9000? Or, perhaps the original purchase price of the truck was $9000. All of these assumptions lead to very different evaluations of the worth of that asset and how it contributes to the company’s financial situation.
For this reason it is imperative to know and understand the eleven key concepts.
a)Business equitity:
When starting or expanding a business, many owners wonder if they should form a business entity and, if so, which one they should use. There is a wide variety of information and "pitches" being made on the...
...Netpresentvalue
In finance, the netpresentvalue (NPV) or netpresent worth (NPW) of a time series of cash flows, both incoming and outgoing, is defined as the sum of the presentvalues (PVs) of the individual cash flows. In case when all future cash flows are incoming (such as coupons and principal of a bond) and the only outflow of cash is the purchase price, the NPV is simply the PV of future cash flows minus the purchase price (which is its own PV). NPV is a central tool in discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis, and is a standard method for using the time value of money to appraise longterm projects. Used for capital budgeting, and widely throughout economics, finance, and accounting, it measures the excess or shortfall of cash flows, in presentvalue terms, once financing charges are met.
The NPV of a sequence of cash flows takes as input the cash flows and a discount rate or discount curve and outputting a price; the converse process in DCF analysis, taking as input a sequence of cash flows and a price and inferring as output a discount rate (the discount rate which would yield the given price as NPV) is called the yield, and is more widely used in bond trading.
Formula
Each cash inflow/outflow is discounted back to its presentvalue (PV). Then they are...