In proper capital budgeting analysis we evaluate incremental a. Accounting income.
b. Cash flow.
c. Earnings.
d. Operating profit.

Capital Budgeting is a part of:
(a)Investment Decision
(b) Working Capital Management
(c) Marketing Management
(d) Capital Structure

A project's average net income divided by its average book value is referred to as the project's average: A. net present value.
B. internal rate of return.
C. accounting return.
D. profitability index.
E. payback period.

The internal rate of return is defined as the:
A. maximum rate of return a firm expects to earn on a project. B. rate of return a project will generate if the project in financed solely with internal funds. C. discount rate that equates the net cash inflows of a project to zero. D. discount rate which causes the net present value of a project to equal zero. E. discount rate that causes the profitability index for a project to equal zero.

Which two methods of project analysis were the most widely used by CEO's as of 1999? A. net present value and payback
B. internal rate of return and payback
C. net present value and average accounting return
D. internal rate of return and net present value
E. payback and average accounting return

The length of time a firm must wait to recoup, in present value terms, the money it has in invested in a project is referred to as the: A. net present value period.
B. internal return period.
C. payback period.
D. discounted profitability period.
E. discounted payback period.

Capital Budgeting deals with
(a) Long-term Decisions
(b) Short-term Decisions
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)

A project's average net income divided by its average book value is referred to as the project's average: A. net present value.
B. internal rate of return.
C. accounting return.
D. profitability index.
E. payback period
The present value of an investment's future cash flows divided by the initial cost of the...

... Proposal A and Proposal B. Both cost the amount of $ 60,000. The discount rate is 10%. The cash flows before depreciation and tax are as follows:
Year Proposal A Proposal B
$ $
0 (60,000) (60,000)
1 18,000 19,000
2 15,000 17,000
3 18,000 19,000
4 16,000 14,000
5 19,000 15,000
6 14,000 13,000
Evaluate the above proposals according to:
1. Pay Back Period.
2. Accounting Rate of Return (ARR)
3. Netpresentvalue method (NPV)
Proposal A is better than B, because ARR and NPV are higher than Proposal B
2. There are two Proposals. Proposal A and Proposal B. Proposal A costs $ 80,000 and Proposal B costs $ 100,000. The discount rate is 10%. The cash flows before depreciation and tax are as follows:
Year Proposal A Proposal B
$ $
1 13,000 15,000
2 15,000 14,000
3 18,000 19,000
4 16,000 16,000
5 19,000 13,000
6 14,000 13,000
7 16,000 19,000
8 20,000 15,000
9 0 18,000
10 0 17,000
Evaluate the above proposals according to:
1. ARR
2. NPV
3. Pay Back Period
We can select Proposal A, because ARR, NPV and PBP are positive and reject Proposal B...

...Examples Of NetPresentValue (NPV), ROI and
Payback Analysis
Introduction
Terms and Definitions
NetPresentValue - Method of calculating the expected net monetary gain or loss from a project by discounting all expected future cash inflows and outflows to the present point in time.
DiscountRate - Also known as the hurdle rate or required rate of return, is the rate that a project must achieve in order to be accepted rather than rejected.
Return on Investment – Expected income divided by the amount originally invested
Payback Analysis – The number of years needed to recover the initial cash outlay.
Formulas
NetPresentValue = (t=1..n A * (1+r)-t OR (t=1..n A/ (1+r)t
Where A = Cash flow
r = Required rate of return
t = year of cash flow
n = the nth year
Return On Investment = (Discounted Benefits – Discounted Costs) / Discounted Costs
Payback Period = Years taken to repay initial outlay .
Eg. Project Z Outlay = $ 4000...

...Time Value of Money
Exercise
1. If you invest $1000 today at an interest rate of 10% per year, how much will you have 20 years from now, assuming no withdrawals in interim?
2. a. If you invest $100 every year from the next 20 years starting one year from today and you earn interest of 10% per year, how much will you have at the end of the 20 years?
b. How much must you invest each year if you want to have $50000 at the end of the 20 years?
3. What is the presentvalue of the following cash flows at an interest rate of 10% per year? (Hints: don’t need to use the financial keys of your calculator, just dome common sense)
a. $100 received five years from now
b. $100 received 60 years from now
c. $100 received each year beginning one year from now and ending 10 years from now
d. $100 each year beginning one year from now and continuing forever
4. You want to establish a “wasting” fund, which will provide your with $1000 per year for four years, at which time the fund will be exhausted. How much must you put in the fund now if you can earn 10% interest per year?
5. You take a one-year installment loan of $1000 at an interest rate of 12% per year (1% per month) to be repaid in 12 equal monthly payments.
a. What is the monthly payment?
b. What is the total amount of interest paid over the 12-month term of...

...____________________________________________________________
_______________
1. What is the netpresentvalue of a project with the following cash flows if the discount rate is 14 percent?
[pic]
A. -$3,140.43
B. -$929.90
C. $247.181
D. $1,027.67
E. $1,127.08
2. Timothy is considering an investment of $10,000. This investment is supposedly going to provide him with cash inflows of $2,500 in the first year and $6,000 a year for the following 2 years. At a discount rate of zero percent this investment has a netpresentvalue (NPV) of _____, but at the relevant discount rate of 18 percent the project's NPV is:
A. -$1,500; $62.03.
B. -$1,500; $79.54.
C. $4,500; $62.03.
D. $4,500; $79.54.
E. $6,000; $98.48.
3. A project has the following cash flows. What is the payback period?
[pic]
A. 2.00 years
B. 2.05 years
C. 2.30 years
D. 2.64 years
E. 2.94 years
4. Deep South Sounds would like to spend $189,000 for new sound equipment. However, the company has a major loan maturing 3 years from today and needs this money at that time to avoid bankruptcy. The sound equipment is expected to increase the cash flows by $45,000 in the first year, $92,400 in the second year, and $40,000 a year for the following 3 years. Should Deep South buy the sound equipment at...

...projects have a positive NPV. The overall capital available for new projects for the next year is $5 million. Which of the following statements about the capital budgeting process that Cynthia should employ is true?
1) Cynthia should rank the projects in increasing order of NPV and choose the highest ranked projects in order until the capital available is exhausted.
2) Cynthia should rank the projects in increasing order of internalrate of return and choose the highest ranked projects in order until the capital available is exhausted.
3) Cynthia should calculate the NPV of various combinations of projects and choose that combination that provides the highest NPV without exceeding the capital available.
4) Cynthia should rank the projects in decreasing order of NPV and choose the highest ranked projects in order until the capital available is exhausted.
Explanation: Calculating combinations of different projects will give Cynthia a better idea in which projects to invest in. NPV also provides proper rule for choosing mutually exclusive projects
B) Which of the following statements about diversification is false?
1) Diversification can be accomplished by adding a stock that is perfectly positively correlated with the investor’s existing stock portfolio.
2) As the number of stocks in the portfolio increases, the diversifiable risk of the portfolio reduces.
3) When stock returns do not move perfectly with each other, the...

...following is not a capital budgeting decision? a Whether to acquire a subsidiary company. b Whether to expand a product line. c Whether to fill a special order. d Whether to purchase a fleet of trucks. 2 Which of the following is an example of a nonfinancial consideration in capital budgeting? a Will an investment generate adequate cash flows to promptly recover its cost? b Will an investment generate an acceptable rate of return? c Will an investment have a positive netpresentvalue? d Will an investment have an adverse effect on the environment? 3 Which of the following is not considered when using the payback period to evaluate an investment? a The profitability of the investment over its entire life. b The annual net cash flow of the investment. c The cost of the investment. d The expected life of the investment. Use the following data for questions 4 and 5. Stone Mfg. is considering expanding operations by investing $300,000 in equipment. The equipment has a useful life of eight years, with no salvage value. Straight-line depreciation is used. Stone predicts that net income will increase $37,500 per year as a result of this strategy. 4 Refer to the above data. The payback period for this investment is: a 8 years. b 4 years. c Over 13 years. d 2.5 years. 5 Refer to the above data. Return on average investment for...

...MBA MS - 04 Solved Assignments July 2011
Course Code : MS - 04
Course Title : Accounting and Finance for Managers
Assignment Code : MS-04/SEM - I /2011
Coverage : All Blocks
Note: Answer all the questions and send them to the Coordinator of the Study Centre you are attached with.
1. Discuss and explain the relevance of the following accounting concepts
a) Business entity
b) Money measurement
c) Continuity
d) Cost
e) Accrual
f) Conservatism
g) Materiality
h) Consistency
i) Periodicity
Solution: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF ACCOUNTING
Accounting is the language of business and it is used to communicate financial information. In order for that information to make sense, accounting is based on 12 fundamental concepts. These fundamental concepts then form the basis for all of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). By using these concepts as the foundation, readers of financial statements and other accounting information do not need to make assumptions about what the numbers mean.
For instance, the difference between reading that a truck has a value of $9000 on the balance sheet and understanding what that $9000 represents is huge. Can you turn around and sell the truck for $9000? If you had to buy the truck today, would you pay $9000? Or, perhaps the original purchase price of the truck was $9000. All of these assumptions lead to very different evaluations of the worth of that asset and how it...

...Netpresentvalue
In finance, the netpresentvalue (NPV) or netpresent worth (NPW) of a time series of cash flows, both incoming and outgoing, is defined as the sum of the presentvalues (PVs) of the individual cash flows. In case when all future cash flows are incoming (such as coupons and principal of a bond) and the only outflow of cash is the purchase price, the NPV is simply the PV of future cash flows minus the purchase price (which is its own PV). NPV is a central tool in discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis, and is a standard method for using the time value of money to appraise long-term projects. Used for capital budgeting, and widely throughout economics, finance, and accounting, it measures the excess or shortfall of cash flows, in presentvalue terms, once financing charges are met.
The NPV of a sequence of cash flows takes as input the cash flows and a discount rate or discount curve and outputting a price; the converse process in DCF analysis, taking as input a sequence of cash flows and a price and inferring as output a discount rate (the discount rate which would yield the given price as NPV) is called the yield, and is more widely used in bond trading.
Formula
Each cash inflow/outflow is discounted back to its present...

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