Nervous System Diseases

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Associate Level Material
Appendix F

Review the following two case studies. Each patient is being referred to a specialist for further evaluation of a nervous system disorder. Outline characteristics of the disease each patient is suffering from by answering the questions associated with each case study. Answer in your own words.

Case Study 1
Name| Myelin S. Heath|
Patient #| 12312312| DOB:| 03/05/1986|
Physician| Dr. Delgadillo| Date:| 02/16/20XX|

Interoffice Referral Form

Ray D. Ology, M.D.
A Doctor’s Office, North Campus
1515 N. Medical Plaza #151
Anytown, Anywhere 12345

Dear Ray,

Myelin visited my office yesterday complaining of numbness in his right leg and face. He has also been experiencing muscle weakness and mild depression. I noticed a delay in his visual response in both eyes. I have referred Myelin to your facility because of possible multiple sclerosis, and I am requesting an MRI of the brain and spine. Please fax the results to me as soon as possible.

Regards,
Ruben Delgadillo, M.D.

Answer the following questions.

1. What could have caused Myelin’s disease? Mr. Myelin S. Heath could have had an autoimmune disease that caused his disease, he may also be a sufferer of diabetes type 1 or have irritable bowel syndrome. Although the cause of multiple sclerosis is still unknown, these are predetermining factors in multiple sclerosis for many people. The Epstein Barr virus has also been associated with multiple sclerosis as well as many other viruses and infections.

2. What structure(s) and function(s) of the nervous system are affected by multiple sclerosis? The structures and functions that are affected by multiple sclerosis are they myelin sheath, which is the insulation that coats the nerves of the body on the spinal cord and the brain. This happens by the slow erosion of the myelin sheath by chronic inflammation. This affects the central nervous system, optic nerves, the muscles, the...
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