1 May 2012
1. Neoclassicism was the enlightenment age of peason. They engaged in experiments, promoting scientific questioning of all assertions. Emphasized rationalism. Rejected unfounded beliefs about the nature of humankind. First use of the iron-bridge (new materials started to come about in architectural destruction). Paintings were narratives; they displayed less emphasis on atmospheric perspective and more on linear contours, classical themes, had a realistic approach to the subject matter, used traditional thin application paint with glaze and they were symmetrical, balanced and rational. The subject of the paintings revealed loyalty to the state/ patriotic themes, themes had moral tones, classical Greek democracy and Roman values and certain ones had a mythological moral/story. Artists used reds and blues that were saturated but mixed (not pure). Architecture had friezes, not a lot of overlapping or crowding. Pediments, columns, domes were commonly used during this period.
2. The Romanticism period was interested in the return to nature. Features in the paintings during this time were irrational, showed human psyche, transcend of reason, the inner mind, nature, emotion, exotic and emphasis on rationality. Their visual art avoided classical forms and rules, they emphasized the emotional and spiritual character of subject, displayed an interest in exotic themes, you may not see reference to classical, balanced or honored. Used transcendental techniques, loose or soft brush strokes, applied; did not blend, were not smooth, created aggressive texture and felt intense. Were interested in atmosphere rather than linear, produced associations in the mind of the viewer (technique), overlapped (crowding of figures), more chaotic (irrational), active figures in motion, warmer colors and darker overall, blurred lines, softer brushstrokes, pure nature, figures were insignificant compared to landscape, some scenes showed war/battle (reality),...
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