Born in Frankfurt Germany, June 1902
Jewish mother and Danish father who had left before he was born His stepfather was Jewish and Erikson was named after him He was rejected by his Jewish neighbor and teased in school 1920’s – was both an artist and teacher; met Anna Freud and began to study child psychoanalyses 1933 – Migrated to USA and obtained positions at Harvard Medical School, Yale, Berkeley, the Menninger Foundation, and Center for advanced study in the Behavioral Sciences at Palo Alto, and the Mount Zion Hospital in San Francisco He was interested in the influence of society and culture on child development and did search on this topic
Eight stages of psychosocial development
These are stages are: Trust vs. Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, Identity vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy vs. Isolation, Generativity vs. Stagnation, and Integrity vs. Despair.
Erikson, like Freud, was largely concerned with how personality and behaviour is influenced after birth - not before birth There are stages in life that one must overcome in order to be successful in adulthood If one cannot move on successfully from one stages to another, there might develop difficulties in adult
Differences with Freudian:
Erikson said that humans develop throughout their life span, while Freud said that our personality is shaped by the age of five Basic drive is social not sexual or aggressive
Most changes in personality occur in the age of adolescents and not in infancy
His theoretical approach was studied and supported by James E. Marcia
Erikson's theory is useful for teaching, parenting, self-awareness, managing and coaching, dealing with conflict, and generally for understanding self and others. Assist encouraging oneself and others to see the future as an opportunity for positive change and...