Nelson Mandela

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NELSON MANDELA

GRADE 7
AUGUST 2011

CONTENTS:

1INTRODUCTION1

2.DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH1

3.EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION1

4.EARLY CAREER2

5.MAIN EVENTS OF LATER CAREER2

6.PUBLICATIONS3

7.ACHIEVEMENTS3

8.LAST YEARS4

9.CONCLUSIONS4

10.BIBLIOGRAPHY5

11.CHECKLIST6

12.EVALUATION LIST7

INTRODUCTION:
Nelson Rolihlahla (Madiba) Mandela: Who was this great man? To get to the bottom of this question we need to ask a few questions: Where was he born? What was his early life and education like? What shaped his career and what did he achieve in his life that was important? What happened to Nelson Mandela in his last years?

DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH:
On the eighteenth of July 1918 one of the South Africa’s most greatest leaders were born in a place called Mvezo, a small village that was located in the district of Umtata in the Eastern Cape. This special person’s name is Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. His tribal name, "Rolihalah," means "troublemaker." He is later given his English name, Nelson, by a teacher at his school

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION:
His patrilineal great grandfather was the King of the Thembu people. When he was nine years old his father died of tuberculosis and the regent, named Jongintaba, became the guardian of Mandela.  He went to a Wesleyan mission school.  At age sixteen he was initiated and attended the Clarkebury Boarding Institute.  He was able to complete his certificate in only two years rather than the typical three.  He then moved to Healdtown and attended school at the Wesleyan college in Fort Beaufort When he was nineteen, he was interested in running and boxing.  He studied for a Bachelor of Arts degree at the Fort Hare University, where he met Oliver Tambo. Mandela and Oliver Tambo opened the first black legal firm in the country in 1952.

1
EARLY CAREER
When the Afrikaner-dominated National Party won the election in 1948, Mandela became involved in politics, as the National Party advocated the apartheid policy of segregation based on race.  During this time period, Mandela and Tambo operated their law firm in which they provided low cost legal counseling for black people who did not have attorney representation.  Mandela was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi Nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1944. He was one of the biggest activists against Apartheid. He formed the Youth League of the ANC with Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu In 1960 the government banned the ANC and after that Mandela was instrumental in the establishing of the military wing of the ANC, Umkhonto we SIzwe in 1961. He was convicted by the South African courts of sabotage as well as other charges and in 1963 he stood trial in the Rivonia Trial after which he was sent to prison for 27 years, many of those years were spent on Robben Island

MAIN EVENTS OF LATER CAREER
Nelson Mandela was released in February of 1990 and he returned to lead the ANC. The first multi-racial elections in the country were held on April 27 of 1994. since Mandela was the leader of the ANC, he would become president.  This occurred on May 10, 1994, and he became the first black president in the country.  He was the President from May of 1994 until June of 1999. In 2003 he lent his support to the 46664 AIDS fundraising campaign. The initiative was named after his prison number 46664. On 23 July 2005 Johannesburg bestowed its highest honor by granting Nelson Mandela the freedom of the city. Because of his love for children, he started the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund, the purpose was to change how children are treated in society. He is involved in numerous social upliftment programmes through his two charities, The Nelson Mandela Children's Fund and The Nelson Mandela Foundation.

2
PUBLICATIONS:
Mandela's autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, was published in 1994, an...
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