Nehru - the Great Leader of India

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Jawaharlal Nehru|
|
Jawaharlal Nehru in 1951|
1st Prime Minister of India|
In office
15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964|
Monarch| George VI (until 26 January 1950)|
President| Rajendra Prasad
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan|
Governor General| The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (until 26 January 1950)|
Deputy| Vallabhbhai Patel|
Preceded by| Position established|
Succeeded by| Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)|
Minister of Defence|
In office
31 October 1962 – 14 November 1962|
Preceded by| V. K. Krishna Menon|
Succeeded by| Yashwantrao Chavan|
In office
30 January 1957 – 17 April 1957|
Preceded by| Kailash Nath Katju|
Succeeded by| V. K. Krishna Menon|
In office
10 February 1953 – 10 January 1955|
Preceded by| N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar|
Succeeded by| Kailash Nath Katju|
Minister of Finance|
In office
13 February 1958 – 13 March 1958|
Preceded by| Tiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachariar|
Succeeded by| Morarji Desai|
In office
24 July 1956 – 30 August 1956|
Preceded by| Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh|
Succeeded by| Tiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachariar|
Minister of External Affairs|
In office
15 August 1947 – 27 May 1964|
Preceded by| Position established|
Succeeded by| Gulzarilal Nanda|
Personal details|
Born| 14 November 1889
Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India|
Died| 27 May 1964 (aged 74)
New Delhi, India|
Political party| Indian National Congress|
Spouse(s)| Kamala Kaul|
Children| Indira Gandhi|
Alma mater| Trinity College, Cambridge
Inns of Court|
Profession| Barrister|
Religion| None[1][2][3]|
Signature| |
Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindustani: [ˈdʒəʋaːɦərˈlaːl ˈneːɦru] ( listen); 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian Independence Movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964.[4] Nehru is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state; a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic.[5] He was the father of Indira Gandhi and the maternal grandfather of Rajiv Gandhi, who were to later serve as the third and sixth Prime Ministers of India, respectively. The son of a prominent lawyer and nationalist statesman, Nehru was a graduate of Cambridge University and the Inner Temple, where he trained to be a barrister. Upon his return to India, he enrolled at the Allahabad High Court while taking an interest in national politics. Nehru's involvement in politics would gradually replace his legal practice. A committed nationalist since his teenage years, Nehru became a rising figure in Indian politics during the upheavals of the 1910s. He became the preeminent leader of the left-wing factions of the Indian National Congress during the 1920s, and eventually of the entire Congress, with the tacit approval of his mentor, Gandhi. As Congress President, Nehru called for complete independence from Britain, and initiated a decisive shift towards the left in Indian politics. He was the principal author of the Indian Declaration of Independence (1929). Nehru and the Congress dominated Indian politics during the 1930s as the country moved towards independence. His idea of a secular nation state was seemingly validated when the Congress under his leadership swept the provincial elections in 1937 while the separatist Muslim League failed to form a government in any of the Indian provinces. But, these achievements were seriously compromised in the aftermath of the Quit India Movement in 1942 which saw the British effectively crush the Congress as a political organisation. Nehru, who had reluctantly heeded Gandhi's call for immediate independence, for he had desired to...
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