Negro Leagues

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The Negro Leagues
"I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me ... all I ask is that you respect me as a human being.” Jackie Robinson

Being a colored person in the early 1920’s was not an easy situation. Trying to play baseball in a integrated national league was even worse. Black people overcame a lot before being able to play in an integrated league, from having to organize their own leagues to the breaking point when finally they were allowed to play in a white league.

Colored players had no choice but to play in separate leagues. By the end of World War I, black baseball became the number one attraction for urban black populations around the country. It was at that time that the first Negro league was organized.

By the end of World War I black baseball had become, perhaps, the number one entertainment attraction for urban black populations throughout the country. It was at that time that Andrew "Rube" Foster, owner of the Chicago American Giants and black baseball's most influential personality, determined that the time had arrived for a truly organized and stable Negro league. Under Foster's leadership in 1920 the Negro National League was born in Kansas City, fielding eight teams: Chicago American Giants, Chicago Giants, Cuban Stars, Dayton Marcos, Detroit Stars, Indianapolis ABCs, Kansas City Monarchs and St. Louis Giants. (

Only three years later the Eastern Colored League was formed in 1923 featuring the Hilldale Club, Cuban Stars (East), Brooklyn Royal Giants, Bacharach Giants, Lincoln Giants and Baltimore Black Sox. The East-West All-Star game played annually at Chicago's Comiskey Park, contributing greatly to the ever-growing national popularity of Negro League baseball during the 1930s and 1940s.

As World War II came to a close and the demands for social justice grown throughout the country, many felt that baseball’s color barrier would come crashing down. African- Americans had proven themselves...
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