University of Phoenix (Axia College)
Negative Effects on America Resulting from World War 2
The time period of 1939 to 1945 was a very devastating time for a lot of individuals especially American’s. During this time frame the world was involved in the crisis called World War ll. World Warll had a large negative impact on America’s economy as a whole it affected America’s financial status greatly, American soldiers also suffered a large variety of mental as well as physical health issues during and after World War 2, and many American’s lost their lives for the cause. The major decision to go into war all began on December 7, 1941 when the Japanese forces bombed Pearl Harbor in Hawaii which resulted in the United States making the decision to go into war. Loosing Pearl Harbor had a large impact on America’s armed forces because it took out a major battle station, many men and women, along with a large portion of the United States’ military resources. Was the decision to go to war worth what America had to suffer? America’s financial status was affected greatly by the impact of World War ll. America was already in a very deep financial stand due to the Great Depression and the effects World War l. The world already repositioned world power and influence. America was already trying to come back from all of the earlier tragedies and in going to war again it only led America to suffer more and to use what little financial status was left had to be used up. Therefore; America was placed in further debt. With the onset of World War II, numerous challenges confronted the American people. The government found it necessary to ration food, gas, and even clothing during that time. Americans were asked to conserve on everything. With not a single person unaffected by the war, rationing meant sacrifices for all. In the spring of 1942, the Food Rationing Program was set into motion. Rationing would deeply affect the American way of life for most. The federal government needed to control supply and demand. Rationing was introduced to avoid public anger with shortages and not to allow only the wealthy to purchase commodities. In addition to food, rationing encompassed clothing, shoes, coffee, gasoline, tires, and fuel oil. With each coupon book came specifications and deadlines. Rationing locations were posted in public view. Rationing of gas and tires strongly depended on the distance to one's job. If one was fortunate enough to own an automobile and drive at the then specified speed of 35 mph, one might have a small amount of gas remaining at the end of the month to visit nearby relatives. Recycling was born with the government’s encouragement. Saving aluminum cans meant more ammunition for the soldiers. Economizing initiatives seemed endless as Americans were urged to conserve and recycle metal, paper and rubber. War bonds and stamps were sold to provide war funds, and the American people also united through volunteerism. Communities joined together to hold scrap-iron drives, and schoolchildren pasted saving stamps into bond books. (Wars and Battles, the Home Front)
American soldiers also suffered a great deal of physical as well as mental health during and after World War ll. A number of studies have shown that many survivors do not seek professional help or financial compensation. The Eitinger and Strom study of Norwegian concentration camp survivors (1973) noted that, in spite of heightened morbidity rates, only 23% had applied for and received pensions. Of the survivors attending a national gathering for Holocaust survivors, 77% had received no psychological counseling, though 92% reported that the Holocaust experience had negatively affected their well-being (Kahana, Harel, & Kahana, 1988). In the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study (NVVRS; Kulka et al., 1990), 86% of the veterans exposed to high war zone stress did not currently receive...