Negative Effects of Eating Disorders

Topics: Nutrition, Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders Pages: 3 (1184 words) Published: April 9, 2013
There are many different types of eating disorders. An eating disorder is defined as a disturbance in eating behavior that endangers a person’s physical and psychological. Anorexia and bulimia are the two most common. Anorexics pursue thinness without regard or acknowledgment of their emaciation and malnourishment. Extreme measures, such as strict regimens of exercise, dietary practices, or even not eating at all, may be taken to achieve and maintain low weight. Girls as young as ten and eleven are in psychiatric facilities for treatment of anorexia. Anorexia usually starts off as a diet before or after a major change such as beginning puberty, leaving home for college, or breaking up with a significant other. Anorexics have an intense, irrational fear of gaining weight. Bulimia is an eating disorder in which the patient binges (consumes large amounts of food in a small amount of time) and then purges or rids the body of the food. Purging is performed mostly in the form of self-induced vomiting or excessive exercise. These acts are usually kept a secret. Bulimia is similar to anorexia in that both disorders are centered on an intense preoccupation with weight, dieting, and food. However, regardless of that type of eating disorder it is, they are all dangerous and detrimental to a human’s health. Eating disorders become more increasingly dangerous the more they are practiced. Excessive weight loss leads to many adverse health problems. The extreme restriction of food causes the body to break down and cease to function properly. The number one effect is malnutrition which is caused by under eating. The word malnutrition indicates deficiency for energy, protein, and vitamin A. These are all essential to a teenagers growing body. Some short term effects of eating disorders are dehydration and hypernatremia which can cause fluid in the lungs, the brain to swell, vomiting, and confusion. Eating disorders have a more serious effect on teenagers because their bodies...
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