Negative and Positive Impacts of the Slave Trade on Africa

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Negative and positive impacts of the slave trade on Africa

Negative impacts
1.the number of people taken from their homestead is considerably higher. (Eltis, D. and Richardson, D. "The Numbers Game".) 2.European countries built up economically slave-dependent colonial empires in the New World 3.there were different wars, diseases (smallpox)

4.lot of captives died - the total number of deaths would be between 16 and 20 million. (Stannard, David. "American Holocaust". Oxford University Press, 1993) 5.people became a product of trade
6.most of people (Africans) lose their rights, freedom, homes 7.slavery formed an important element of political life which the Europeans exploited 8.Slavery in African cultures was generally indentured servitude: slaves were not chattel, nor enslaved for life. 9.African slaves were paid wages and were able to accumulate property. They often bought their own freedom and could then achieve social promotion 10.the fragile local economy and societies were being severely harmed by the ongoing trade. (Basil, D, "Black mother : Africa and the Atlantic slave trade" Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1980.)

Positive impacts:
1.Population growth in the New World - 9.4 and 12 million arrived in the New World. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/6445941.stm BBC Quick guide: The slave trade) 2.the export of goods from Europe to Africa

3.increase trade
4.exchange cultures, traditions, customs
5. develop agriculture, manufacture
6.State formation in America

Bibliography:
1.Eltis, D. and Richardson, D. "The Numbers Game”;
2.Stannard, David. "American Holocaust". Oxford University Press, 1993; 3.Basil, D, "Black mother : Africa and the Atlantic slave trade" Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1980; 4.http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/6445941.stm BBC Quick guide: The slave trade 5.http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/31395
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