Nazism, Communism and Fascism

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When World War I was over, it left behind a significantly large amount of chaos and brought about the interwar years. The chaos caused by the war shattered the traditional philosophies and belief systems of many Europeans and this caused them to seek new economic and political systems that ensured their economy and security. During the interwar years, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler, were all dictators that became well known to their people, established foreign policies by conquering land, and gained power through various common techniques. These three dictators who became leaders of Italy, Germany and the Soviet Union, introduced three totalitarian philosophies that were Communism, Fascism, and Nazism. Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and the USSR all adapted regimes that involved similar characteristics. All three dictators exercised terror, propaganda, indoctrination, censorship, secret police, and extreme nationalism. In document 2, Mussolini’s Rise to Power states “Mussolini expelled all opposition from parliament, abolished all political parties other than the Fascist Party, and created a totalitarian dictatorship with no free press, and a secret police force.” This quote is showing us that Mussolini is using the secret police, terror and censorship. Document 2, Hitler’s Rise to Power and Stalin’s Rise to Power, states “Propaganda played on people’s fear for the future. The Nazi emphasis on military strength led many former soldiers to support the Nazi Party.” and “In 1922, he was elected General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Party, enabling him to control the rank-and-file members loyal to him.” This shows that Hitler is using propaganda, while Stalin is using indoctrination. These are some examples of characteristics that all three of them shared. When Mussolini lost in the battle of Adowa, he was enraged, so he later invaded Ethiopia as revenge, and because they were rich in resources. This was their aggressive...
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