Key elements of the Nazi ideology
National Socialist Program
Especially anti-Semitism, which eventually culminated in the Holocaust. The creation of a Herrenrasse (Master Race= by the Lebensborn (Fountain of Life; A department in the Third Reich) Anti-Slavism
Belief in the superiority of the White, Germanic, Aryan or Nordic races. Euthanasia and Eugenics with respect to "Racial Hygiene"
Anti-Marxism, Anti-Communism, Anti-Bolshevism
The rejection of democracy, with as a consequence the ending the existence of political parties, labour unions, and free press. Führerprinzip (Leader Principle) /belief in the leader (Responsibility up the ranks, and authority down the ranks.) Strong show of local culture.
Defense of Blood and Soil (German: "Blut und Boden" - represented by the red and black colors in the Nazi flag) "Lebensraumpolitik", "Lebensraum im Osten" (The creation of more living space for Germans) Related to Fascism
Nazism and romanticism
According to Bertrand Russell, Nazism comes from a different tradition than that of either liberal capitalism or communism. Thus, to understand values of Nazism, it is necessary to explore this connection, without trivializing the movement as it was in its peak years in the 1930s and dismissing it as a little more than racism.
Many historiographers say that the anti-Semitic element, which does not exist in the sister fascism movement in Italy and Spain, was adopted by Hitler to gain popularity for the movement. Anti-Semitic prejudice was very common among the masses in German Empire. It is claimed that mass acceptance required anti-Semitism, as well as flattery of the wounded pride of German people after the defeat of WWI. Others see anti-Semitism as central to Hitler's Weltanschauung (World view).
Many see strong connections to the values of Nazism and the irrationalist tradition of the romantic movement of the early 19th century. Strength, passion, lack of hypocrisy, utilitarianism,...
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