“Nazi foreign policy was the primary factor in leading to the outbreak of World War Two” To what extent do you agree with this statement?
The Second World War is the conflict between 1939 and 1945 which saw the confrontation between the Axis powers and the other allied countries. Is defined as 'world' because it was attended by nations of all continents and military operations interested most of the planet. The War broke out the first of September 1939 with the invasion of Poland by Germany in the west and the 1937 invasion of the Republic of China by the Empire of Japan in the east. During this period, the international system was affected by enormous changes. A climate of contempt and terror of war spread everywhere. Unfortunately this popular mood did not alter the selfish desire of nation states between 1914 and 1933. To full understand the origins of the War is require a detailed examination of the evolution of international relations and related factors before 1933. These factors I’m going to analyse to find out the main one are the Nazi foreign policy, the League of Nations and the international relations fractured due to Manchuria crisis in 1931 and the Abyssinian one in 1935/36, the global depression impact on Italy, Germany and Japan linked to the American protectionism and the international involvement in the Spanish Civil War. However after an accurate analysis of the factors, I believe that the Nazi foreign policy was not the primary factor which led to the outbreak of the war but the final trigger that set it off. It was just the final ring of a long chain of events.
The first factor I’m going to analyse is the Nazi foreign policy. After Nazi raise to power, Adolf Hitler, become German chancellor in 1933, and his government’s foreign aims were to incorporate all the Germans living outside the Reich borders, expand Germany domination in western and eastern Europe. To achieve these goals Hitler knew that a war was necessary, especially in eastern Europe. However due to the hard, strong and racist Nazi attitudes, Jewish organisations, especially in America, started to institute a boycott of German goods, therefore Hitler decided to proceed cautiously with foreign affairs and repeatedly he shouted speeches which insisted that Germany wanted peace. His main objective was to not show his real aims about foreign affairs. Hitler knew that Germany had to be rearmed and at the World Disarmament Conference he asked other countries to either disarm to match the German level of armaments set at Versailles or at least to allow Germany to rearm. Britain and France decided to permit that, only if Germany would accept other four years of Versailles arms limits. Consequently Hitler withdrew Germany from both the World Disarmament Conference and the League of Nations. These moves provoked fears about Nazi intentions. Hitler’s first foreign movement was to sign a non-aggression pact with Poland in January 1934 with the aim of bring the country under German influence. This was seen from Britain as Hitler’s peaceful intentions but France kept his suspicious going.
The arrival of Hitler on the international scene led to the awake of the Soviet Union and in November 1933 the country was recognised officially by the USA government and admitted to the League of Nations. From 1934 a series of events once more fixed attention on Nazi Germany. Hitler in that period was about to engineer the Anschluss (the union of Austria and Germany) but Dollfuss the Austrian chancellor opposed the idea and he was killed in the same year by pro-Nazi Extremists. Once more Hitler denied any German involvement in the assassination. Mussolini, Italian leader, sent troops to Austrian borders and France joined the fascist leader. Meanwhile a crisis erupted in domestic German politics and Hitler tired of his opposition ordered a lawless and merciless eradication of his political rivals. Hitler assumed the complete power of Germany and declared...
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