Naxalism

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  • Topic: Naxalite, India, Bihar
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Scholar’s Voice: A New Way of Thinking Biannual Publication of Centre for Vol. 1, No. 1, January 2009. pp. 101-108 Defence Studies Research & Development. * Reader, Dept. of Defence and Strategic Studies, D. D. U. Gorakhpur Univrsity, Gorakhpur. ** Research Scholar, Dept. of Defence and Strategic Studies, D. D. U. Gorakhpur Univrsity, Gorakhpur. NAXALISM: A THREAT TO INDIA’S INTERNAL SECURITY

DR. HARSH KUMAR SINHA*
ASHWINI KUMAR PANDEY**
Abstract
A new challenge to our national security is fast emerging on the country’s horizon in the shape of Naxalite problem, it’s phenomenal growth and spread into 15 of our states. It defies justification. They seem to be drawing their inspiration from the Maoist uprising in Nepal, which has provided them new zeal and motivation to replicate the same in India. They are becoming more and more belligerent in central and south India. The merged outfit will build a powerful revolutionary movement and will continue its fight against social repression, inequality in South Asia and spread its views in entire world.

A new challenge to our national security is fast emerging on the country’s horizon in the shape of Naxalite problem, it’s phenomenal growth and spread into 15 of our states. It defies justification. They seem to be drawing their inspiration from the Maoist uprising in Nepal, which has provided them new zeal and motivation to replicate the same in India. They are becoming more and more belligerent in central and south India. The Maoist of Nepal and their ideological brothers PWG and MCC seem determined to carve out what they call “compact revolutionary zone” extending from Nepal through Bihar and then to Dandakarnaya regions extending up to Tamil Nadu to give them access to the bay of Bengal as well as the Indian ocean. This corridor has dangerous potentials and must never be allowed to be established. The recent merger of two biggest and most powerful Maoist rebel organizations, i.e. PWG and MCC into CPI (Maoist), and merger of their guerilla armies into a single entity as people’s liberation guerilla army (PLGA) is a sign of things to come. At the time of merger announcement on 15 October 2004, Shri Akkiraju Haragopal alias Ramkrishna (PWG) and Ganpathy (MCC) the two top most leaders stated their objective:

The merged outfit will build a powerful revolutionary movement and will continue its fight against social repression, inequality in South Asia and spread its views in entire world.
A remote village in the state of west Bengal gave birth to a movement which challenged the rule of law and those who ruled in the name of democracy. Naxal, Naxalites and Naxalism symbolism terrorism in a form which has not yet received any 102 Scholar’s Voice: A New Way of Thinking DR. H. K. SINHA & A. K. PANDEY concrete definition. They are a group of extremists with no belief in parliamentary democracy. They exploit the grievances of poor people living in remote areas and suffering from social and economic disparities. Tribal and others living in remote areas with minimal access to benefits of progress and developments like health, education and employment are not greatly interested in abstract things like freedom of religion, freedom of press or right to vote. Their basic needs are right to cultivation, freedom from exploitation and access to minimum standard of living. Many of them do not have the opportunity to share the country’s conviction in democracy and justice to all. Some of them have not been able to gain the benefits of freedom, democracy, development and governance. Such people, the victims of disparities, inequalities and social tension become ideal breeding ground for movements like Naxalites.

Adding to Kashmir militancy and insurgency in the north east, a new threat to India’s sovereignty has emerged from the Naxalites who are making concerted moves to carve out their own territory cutting across India and Nepal. In a recent report of ht...
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