NAXAL MOVEMENT FEROSIOUS SIDE OF RURAL INDIA & IT’S A ONE OF THE IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF POLITICAL SPECTRUM OF INDIA .THE IDEALIST SAW IN IT THE BEGINNING OF A WORLD , A NEW SOCIO-ECONOMIC ORDER.BUT SOON SORDID POLITICS TOOK OVER . THE MOVEMENT, HOWEVER, CONTINUES TO HAVE A LARGE BASE OF INTELLECTUAL APPEAL OF ITS IDEALOGY. IT HAS SURVIVED MORE THEN A QUARTER CENTURY OF ONSLAUGHT BY THE SECURITY FORCES –WITHOUT ANY EXTERNAL SUPPORT; THE MOVEMENT HAS DEVELOPED AN INHERENT STRENGTH.
THE PRESENT RESEARCH PAPER FOCUSES ON VARIOUS DEVELOPMENTS IN MOVEMENT AND PRIMARILY ON CHANGE IN IDEALOGY FROM THE BEGINGING OF MOVEMENT AND NEED OF A NEW INDIEGENOUS IDEALOGY AND ANALYSIS OF NAXL MOVEMENT IN INTEREST OF GENERAL PUBLIC.
“An armed struggle –not for land, but for state power -Kanu Sanyal
1. BIRTH OF NAXALBARI MOVEMENT.
1.1 BREIF HISTORY OF NAXALBARI MOVEMENT
The Naxalbari movement erupted violently in 1967 ,its flames spread to almost all parts of the country .some of finest brains and the cream of India’s youth in certain areas left their homes and colleges to chase the dream of a new world and a new social order. Two decades had passed since the dawn of independence and yet large segments of the Indian population – peasant, workers and tribals continued to suffer the worst form of exploitation. the peaceful political process, it was felt would not be able to bring about the necessary change because vested interests controlled the levers of power ,regulated the wheels of industry and had a feudal stranglehold over the predominantly agrarian economy. An armed struggle was the only way out they thought. There was a spark in a small village, Naxalbari, on tri-junction of India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. March 3, 1967 three sharecroppers, Lapa Kishan, Sangu Kishan, and Ratia Kishan, supported by 150 CPI (M) followers, armed with lathis, bow and arrows and carrying party flags, lifted the entire stock of 300 mds .of paddy from landlord’s granary without giving him any share. A small incident in a village .and yet it marked a turning point in the history of the communist movement in India. Naxalbari was however, was not a first peasant uprising to take place in India in recent time’s .in 1946; there was the Tebhaga (three parts) movement in undivided Bengal, which demanded reduction in the share of landlords from one-half of crops to one third. It spread from Dinajpur and Rangpur in north to 24 Paragana in the south .the kishan sabhas, which were dominated by communist party, encouraged peasants to forcibly take away two third of harvested crops to their granaries. As a result, there was a bloody clash between landlords and peasants. The movement was essentially on economic demands, though in certain areas it led to landlords fleeing away and the kishan sabhas establishing their sway over the villages. The movement was petered out when landlords, with the help of local administration, let loose a wave of repression .The Telengana insurrection (1946-1951) was much more broad based and “has no parallel in Indian history since the 1987 war of independence”*.the peasants lunched their struggle on economic issues against forced labor, illegal exactions and unauthoriesed evictions but it soon developed into an uprising against the feudal rule of Nizam .the movement was directed by communists from very beginning and they mobilized large segments of people .it is said that peasants were able to establish their control over about 3000 villages and their influence extended over several others .armed struggle continued even after the Indian troops had liberated Hyderabad, through the guerillas retreated to the forest areas to avoid any confrontation with army .a total about 4000 lives were lost in the prolonged struggle until it was formally withdrawn by the communist party. It was an important landmark in the...
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