Child and Adolescent Psychology
Nature versus Nurture
Erickson’s psychosocial theory adds perspective to why identical twins, Linda and Lydia, turned out differently (Feldman 2010). Linda was raised by a family in the rural west, while Lydia went to a family in the urban south. These are two very different situations filled with different socioeconomical environments (Feldman 2010). The differences in the girls’ social environment could have had huge influence on their cognitive development (Feldman 2010). We need to analyze what Erickson’s psychosocial theory says about the way our social interactions with other people can test and outline our development (Feldman 2010). We can also take a look at the microcultural and macrocultural influences that may have impacted the girls. Since the girls were raised in such different environments chances are Lydia could have been exposed to more negative social influences due to the way her life turned out. On average there is more destructive levels of poverty and higher levels of crime in urban areas. The possible negative macrocultural influences Lydia was exposed to during her social and cognitive development could have led to her lack of success in high school (Feldman 2010). If we were to combine the possibility Lydia didn’t have positive microcultural influences from her family to help counterbalance the societal influences in her life, we can definitely conclude there was negative influences on her cognitive development (Feldman 2010). Linda grew up in the rural west and possibly had more structure in her educational norms enabling her to flourish cognitively. Linda’s macrocultural influences could have been more positive due to less exposure to negative societal influences (Feldman 2010). We can also add the possibility, even if Linda was exposed to negative social influences, she could have had such a strong microcultural influence from her family she was able to still succeed and...