US hegemony is seen as the control and impact US holds in the world. According to Oxford Dictionaries, hegemony refers to “leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others” (Oxford Dictionaries). US which is the least affected in terms of economic and military impacts among the Western countries after the war is seen as a superpower that the world needed at that time to form and sustain an open-minded global economy. US managed to do so with the support of its war allies and organisations that it helped form after the war, resulting in the US hegemony. (Gilpin, 2002) The nature of US hegemony
US had spread its influence through power which includes hard and soft power. In terms of hard power, US has the strongest military power in the world and also has military bases in more than 50 countries such as Japan and is feared by many (Alexander, 2012; US Department of defence, 2009). For soft power such as likeability and usefulness, US had exported US cultures such as Hollywood movies, dramas, pop songs, technology such as apple (iphone, macbook), internet which promotes US values (freedom of speech), food (eg starbucks, Mcdonalds, Coca cola) and education (Bev, 2012). US has also provided aid relief to disaster stricken regions (eg Haiti) in times of needs and also have friendly relations with many countries and have formed unions (eg. NATO) or even have military bases in them (USAID, 2012). Some might say that the nature of hegemony is altruistic while others might argue that the nature is self-interest. US had teamed up with Europe to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) which includes US and 27 other countries. The aim of NATO is formed to boost talks or mutual aid regarding security and defence concerns to prevent wars. In the event whereby one of the members is attacked, the others will send out military aid (NATO). The military power of the bigger members in NATO such as United Kingdom and France...
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