NATURALISM IN EDUCATION
Dr V.K.MAHESHWARI , Ph.D Principal D.I.M.S. Meerut,INDIA
Dr SAROJ AGGARWAL, Ph.D Sr Lecturer D.I.M.S. Meerut,INDIA
We are born weak, we need strength; helpless, we need aid; foolish, we need reason. All that we lack at birth, all that we need when we come to man's estate, is the gift of education. Jean Jacques Rousseau
RUNNING through most of the educational literature today one finds a dominant thread. The importance of this fact is for life as well as for education. The central theme of this thread is expressed in such terms as ³continuous progress,´ ³the perfectibility of mankind,´ and ³perpetual betterment through scientific advances.´ The underlying philosophy of this outlook is signified by the term ³naturalism .As a philosophy of life (perhaps the oldest one) it maintains that nature is the only reality worthy of the serious consideration of man, and that man himself is the apex of this reality.. Naturalism is a concept that firmly believes that ultimate reality lies in the nature of the matter. Matter is considered to be supreme and mind is the functioning of
the brain that is made up of matter. The whole universe is governed by laws of nature and they are changeable. It¶s through our sense that we are able to get the real knowledge. The senses works like real gateways of knowledge and exploration is he method that helps in studying nature Basic Concept of Naturalism The meaning of the name naturalism is strongly implied in the word itself. It is the view point which regards the world of nature as the all in all of realityNaturalism, commonly known as materialism, is a philosophical paradigm whereby everything can be explained in terms of natural causes. Physical matter is the only reality -- everything can be explained in terms of matter and physical phenomena. Naturalism, by definition, excludes any Supernatural Agent or activity. Thus, naturalism is atheism. Naturalism's exclusion of God necessitates moral relativism. Philosophers agree, without God there is no universe ,³Naturalism is the doctrine which separates nature from God, subordinates spirit to matter and sets up unchangeable laws as supreme´.According to this law, nature is supreme, all answers should be sought in nature and it alone can solve all the philosophical problems. Naturalism is a term loosely applied in educational theory to systems of training that are not dependent on schools and books but on manipulation of the actual life of educand Naturalism is an artistic movement advocating realistic description: in art or literature, a movement or school advocating factual or realistic description of life, including its less pleasant aspects. In literature, Naturalism has strong belief in religious truth from nature: a belief that all religious truth is derived from nature and natural causes, and not from revelation. The doctrine rejecting spiritual explanations of world: a system of thought that rejects all spiritual and supernatural explanations of the world and holds that science is the sole basis of what can be known
Ancient period Naturalism appears to have originated in early Greek philosophy. The earliest presocratic philosophers, such as Thales, Anaxagoras or most especially Democritus, were labeled by their peers and successors "the physikoi" physikos, meaning "natural philosopher," borrowing on the word physis, meaning "nature") because they sought to explain everything by reference to natural causes alone, often distinctly excluding any role for gods, spirits or magic in the creation or operation of the world..
AS for as the history of philosophy is concerned, naturalism is the oldest philosophy. The first speculations were made by the early Ionian physicists known as the "School of Miletus Thales was born at Miletus about the year 640 B.C He was a mathematician, astronomer, and businessman. , during the early part of the sixth century B.C., observing water to be such a...
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