What are NATIONAL PARKS AND WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES?
A tract of land declared by the national government to be public property is called national park. A national park is a reserve of natural or semi-natural land, declared or owned by a government, set aside for animal safety and/or human recreation and enjoyment, and protected from most development.
Area set aside by a national government for the preservation of its natural environment is called wildlife sanctuary. Wildlife sanctuary is an area specially designated where it is illegal to interfere in any way with the natural life. Sanctuary is a place where killing or capturing of any animal is prohibited except under orders of the authorities concerned. They provide protection and optimum living conditions to wild animals.
The wildlife of India is varied and one of the richest wildlife of the world. The wildlife of India is having the several endangered species that are living critically in India that too in the verge of extinction. Critically endangered means there species are 80% lesser than before. The species are endangered as due to the reasons like:
1. They are few in number they are threatened by the environmental and climatic.
2. The loss of the species in the biological entity.
3. Destabilization of an ecosystem
4. Endangerment of other species
5. Loss of irreplaceable genetic material and associated bio-chemicals
The endangered species of the Indian Wildlife are identified by the different international organizations like World Wildlife Fund (WWF), International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and the Wildlife Institute of India (WII). There are many reasons that have been on the
Verge of extinction in India. The reasons for it are:
India is so varied and rich in the wildlife as it holds 400 species of mammals and 1200 species of birds. To go on the Wildlife Safari is the best way to explore the natural flora and fauna of the Indian Wildlife Sanctuary. There are about 80 National Park and 400 Wildlife Sanctuaries. The National Parks in India are giving their best support in the conservation of these endangered species such as Royal Bengal Tigers, Indian Elephants, Indian Rhinos, Siberian Crane, leopards and lions. The lists of endangered species are categorized into certain categories like: Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU) and Threatened. This classification of animals is done by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and the Wildlife Institute of India (WII).
There are many such unique varieties of the animals that have been kept in the National Parks and the Wildlife Sanctuaries. There are more than 350 species of mammals that inhabit in the country. The species that ranges from Indian Elephants, Indian Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tigers etc. As the endangered species are classified into four categories and they are Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable and Threatened.
The animals that are listed under the Critically Endangered are as under:
--Malabar Large Spotted Civet
--Namdapha Flying Squirrel
--Salim Ali's Fruit Bat
--Wroughton's Free Tailed Bat
Endangered Species are as under:
--Asiatic Black Bear
--Great Indian Rhinoceros
--Indian Elephant or Asian Elephant
--Capped Leaf Monkey
--Ganges River Dolphin
--Indus River Dolphin
Vulnerable Species are as under:
--Asiatic Wild Dogs...