Nowadays, people around the world are affected by natural disasters. These may be caused by climate change such as drought, flood, and cyclone, the environment such as pollution, deforestation, desertification, pest infestation or combinations of these, or the destroy of ozone layer will contribute to the green house effect. People's homes are wiped out and livelihoods are destroyed. Poverty, population pressures and environmental degradation mean that increasing numbers of people are vulnerable to natural disasters. In Australia, natural disasters such as floods, bush-fires and tropical cyclones occur regularly across the Australian continent. They cause more than $1.14 billion damage each year to homes, businesses and the nation’s facility, along with serious results to communities. Scientists claim that more natural disasters will occur with worse consequences such as severe cyclones, storms and floods, are expected in the future. Australian government and people need to do many actions immediately to protect the nature in this nation the same as to protect our blue planet.
This study has focused on the typical natural disasters in Australia and main reasons cause these by humans. Moreover, the study also revealed that humans need to do some actions now to reduce the natural disasters immediately. Therefore, we can try to overcome our selfishness to correct own mistakes and let this Earth be green forever.
Natural disasters have affected people since humans first appeared on the earth. They have influenced, shaped and modified human behaviour, changing the way people live with and respond to the nature. In Australia, billions of dollars have been spent in trying to prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from natural disasters. Moreover, natural disasters have resulted in enormous intangible losses, causing grief through the loss of life and personal possessions. Examples include the probability or frequency of occurrence of a natural disaster, the number of people killed or injured, or the number of buildings damaged and the extent of that damage. Australian people need to do many actions to decrease the green house effect and the bigger spread of the ozone layers.
Typical natural disasters in Australia:
Natural hazards are a threat of a naturally occurring event that will have a negative effect on people or the environment. A natural disaster is the effect of a natural hazard such as flood, tornado, earthquake, and landslides leads to financial, environmental or human losses. In the past and today, Australia was experienced a lot of natural disasters including droughts, bushfires, floods, cyclones. These events cause great financial hardship for individuals and communities, and can result in loss of life. The natural disasters had come to be seen as part of the Australian national character as described in the poem 'My Country' by Dorothea McKellar (1904): I love a sunburnt country, a land of sweeping plains,
Of ragged mountain ranges, of droughts and flooding rains.
I love her far horizons, I love her jewel-sea,
Her beauty and her terror - the wide brown land for me!
A drought: means that the shortage of rainfall over a three month period or years which causes the shortage of water and is not enough for users’ normal needs. Moreover in Australia, droughts are not simply low rainfall however these must be perpetual droughts. People use water in so many different ways so there is no universal definition of droughts.
In Western New South Wales and west Darling areas, the Federation Drought was happened in 1895 by heavy overstocking, and the arrival of rabbits which crossed the Murray River into western New South Wales in 1881. Overstocking caused widespread severe erosions and increased the effects of the drought.
This drought (1991-1995) in North-eastern New South Wales and much of Queensland was the result of the lowest rainfall levels on record. Amount...
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