Native Americans’ Struggles.

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Native Americans’ Struggles.
American colonists and the Native Americans of North America encountered a difficult relationship with one another. American colonists began to view the vast expanse of lands controlled by Native Americans as desirable and could now use Natives to acquire land for development. As the rapidly growing United States began to move towards the South, white settlers were confronted by the Indian nations, which became an obstacle in the way of their plight to acquire land to grow cotton and crops. In order to effectively deal with this obstacle, the United States government devised four options that would define its Indian policy: extermination, move them to enclaves with protection and build around them, attempt to assimilate Native Americans into a more Anglo-American lifestyle, or uproot and move them into inhospitable and unwanted land referred to as Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. The option of transporting the natives to lands west of the Mississippi river was favored one. Whenever white men wanted Indian land, the tribes were pushed farther west. If the Indians protested, or tried to defend their land, they were destroyed with crushing force. They were given land in Indian Territory; what is now the state of Oklahoma. But as soon as Oklahoma opened for white settlers they took whatever land was better, leaving Native with worst. The government came up with new policy and decided to put aside an area of land for each tribe. The land was called a "reservation”, which mostly was within Indian Territories. The government believed that it would be better if Indians live away from possible trouble with white settlers. Instead of moving freely over the plains to hunt buffalo, they would be in one place and they would receive food and money from the government. In order to help Native Americans in 1982 the War Department created The Bureau of Indian Affairs. They...