Nationalism and the new Right Wing in Europe
What is the Nationalism?
“Nationalism is our form of incest, is our idolatry, is our insanity. "Patriotism" is its cult. It should hardly be necessary to say, that by "patriotism” I mean that attitude which puts the own nation above humanity, above the principles of truth and justice; not the loving interest in one’s own nation, which is the concern with the nation’s spiritual as much as with its material welfare — never with its power over other nations. Just as love for one individual which excludes the love for others is not love, love for one’s country which is not part of one’s love for humanity is not love, but idolatrous worship.” [Erich Fromm, in The Sane Society (1955)]
A brief definition of Nationalism:
Several intellectuals and scholars tried to give a definition to what is nationalism or what it should be, but the common definition of nationalism is that is an ideology born in the XIX century which support the affirmation of the nation as homogeneous community and generally it’s considered as the repository of traditional values unique and typical of the spiritual heritage of the “nation”. Different nationalism waves:
-In the West at beginning the nationalism was a progressive ideology of liberalism, and it was used against the “Ancien Regime”’s system, and the idea that advocated was that the nation, and so the people, can exist without the kingdom. With this wave we have National State like Italy, France, Germany… - The second wave it was after the first world war with the independence of Jugoslav, Czechoslovak… - The third wave it was after the WW2 with clash of the Soviet Union and the Liberation wars in the Third World .
So today what is the function of the nationalism and how it’s use by the political party? Actually in Europe Right-Wing are rising because they are able to manipulate the classical issues of the financial Crisis, the immigration and recently...