Nationalism and Self Determination in Southwest Asia

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Blake Taylor
Nationalism and Self-Determination in Southwest Asia

Southwestern Asia is the most western sub region of Asia. It is positioned directly south of Eastern Europe. And the region is encompassed by seven major seas; the Aegean, Black, Caspian, Mediterranean, Arabian, Red, and the Persian Gulf. The north region is disjointed from Europe by the Caucasus Mountains, the southwest region is disjointed from Africa by the Isthmus of Suez, and then the east region adjoins Central and South Asia. The population is over 300 million and the most populous countries in the region are Iran and Turkey, each with about 75 million people, followed by Iraq with about 32 million people. The most used language is Arabic, which is the official language in 14 regional countries; there are other languages used like Turkish, and Persian.

Nationalism in Southwest Asia first started in the 16th century and reached its top height during the mid 16th century. The Ottoman Empire ruled Southwest Asia, most of North Africa, and Southeast Europe. That is until the European powers like Russia, Austria, Britain, France, and Italy chipped away at them up until WWI was over, leading to their core area shrinking into Turkey. After the Euro’s stopped their overruling power, the leaders of the new nations were chosen by who held the most power in this location before, such as tribe leaders. Which lead to more problems because the leaders were hiring members of their tribe or clan to work in the new government of their nation; therefore, nobody could threaten their administration.

After other cultures and ethnic groups see nations being created for other people, they start to feel as if they deserve one for their own kind as well. Of course this would lead to problems due to people thinking they deserve the same thing. Such as the Hindu Tamils, who have been fighting for independence in their homeland in the Northeast region that is a majority of Buddhist Sri Lanka. Core...
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