National E-Governance Plan
Need for e-governance for 1.1 billion people in India, across a wide spectrum of sectors have been realized consistently. Initially the attempts towards implementation of e-government in India were focused on networking government departments and developing in-house government applications in the areas of defense, economic monitoring, planning and the deployment of IT to manage data intensive functions related to elections, census, tax administration etc. These applications during the 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s, focused on automation of internal government functions rather than on improving citizen service delivery. Government of India started e-Governance program in country in the late 1990s. The Government approved the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP), comprising of 27 Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) and 8 components on May 18, 2006 to support the e-Governance initiatives in India. Department of Information Technology (DIT) and Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DAR&PG) have formulated the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP). Three main core components identified by the Plan: State Wide Area Network, State Data Center, and Common Services Centre. The Government approved the SWAN Scheme for establishing State Wide Area Networks (SWANs) across the country in 35 States and Union Territories, at a total outlay of Rs. 3,334 Crores over a period of five years.The aim is to create a secure government closed user group (CUG) network, for the purpose of delivering Government-to-Citizen (G2C) and Government-to-Government (G2G) services. State Data Centre (SDC) have been identified as one of the important element of the Core infrastructure components for supporting NeGP. SDC provides key functionalities such as central repository of the state, secure data storage, online delivery of services, Citizen Information/Services portal, State Intranet portal, disaster recovery, remote management and service...
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