National Legal Framwork on Financial Crimes in Zambia

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Introduction

With the global economy and that of nations coming under scrutiny, it has become important for a State to be able to gain revenue from all its citizenry. Revenue means taxes, duties, fees, levies, fines or other monies charged or collected pursuant to the laws.[1]The hallmarks of a good revenue system are that it is cheap for a government to get revenue, taxes are equal amongst the citizenry meaning there are no unnecessary exemptions and that there is effective revenue services with dynamic legislation that stands the test of time. Over the years the issue of legalizing prostitution so that a government may earn revenue has been the subject of great debate.

Prostitution has been commercialized in many countries developing and developed for attracting tourism and earning tax. In some cases the legislative organs of government has enacted legislation that legalizes prostitution. Zambia has not legalized prostitution and it remains a crime to engage in the soliciting for immoral activity and or lives on proceeds of prostitution.[2]This assignment will aim to discuss whether Zambia requires a national Legal Framework to regulate prostitution and what economic impact is expected from such legalization.

What is Prostitution?
Prostitution is the act or practice of providing sexual services to another person in return for payment. People who execute such activities are called prostitutes. Prostitution is one of the branches of the sex industry. The legal status of prostitution varies from country to country, from being a punishable crime to a regulated profession. Estimates place the annual revenue generated from the global prostitution industry to be over $100 billion.[3] Prostitution is historically and culturally ubiquitous, with every culture adopting its own standards and attitudes.[4]It is therefore important for law makers to be very aware of the public perception with regards to any statute they wish to enact. The position of prostitution and the law varies widely worldwide, reflecting differing opinions on victimhood and exploitation, inequality, gender roles, gender equality, ethics and morality, freedom of choice, historical social norms, and social costs and benefits. Legal themes tend to address four types of issue: victimhood (including potential victimhood), ethics and morality, freedom of choice, and general benefit or harm to society (including harm arising indirectly from matters connected to prostitution). Prostitution may be considered a form of exploitation for instance Sweden, Norway, Iceland, where it is illegal to buy sexual services, but not to sell them — the client commits a crime, but not the prostitute, a legitimate occupation like in the Netherlands and Germany, where prostitution is a regulated as a profession or a crime like in many Muslim countries, where the prostitutes face severe penalties. Sex tourism is travel for sexual intercourse with prostitutes or to engage in other sexual activity. The World Tourism Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations defines sex tourism as "trips organized from within the tourism sector, or from outside this sector but using its structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting a commercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the destination".[5]

Pros of Legalizing Prostitution
The main argument forwarded by people supporting the legalization of prostitution is that it would make considerable contributions to the Revenue earned by a government. In the United Kingdom prostitution is worth more than £770m a year, and the Government could raise tax revenues of £250m if it were legalised, according to research.[6] If such results were to be mimicked by the economies of developing nations like Zambia, that would mean considerable revenue for the government to provide basic social services.

Another argument raised by pro-prostitution activists is that the core sentiments of democracy are freedom...
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