Orissa Review * January - 2006
The 42nd amendment came into force on
December 18,1976. The preamble as amended
runs as follows :
"We, the people of India having solemnly
resolved to Constitute India into a Soverign,
Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and to
secure all its citizens" Justice-social, economic and
political, equality of states and opportunity and
to promote among them all, Fraternity assuring
the dignity of the individual and unity and integrity
of the Nation.
In our constituent Assembly the twenty sixth
day of November, 1949 also hereby adopt, enact
and give ourselves this constitution fundamental
Fundamental duties were added for the first
time in the constitution as :
(a) To abide by the constitution and respect
its ideals and institution the National Flag
and the National anthem.
(b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals which
inspired our national struggle for freedom.
(c) To up-hold and protect the sovereignty,
unity and integrity of India.
(d) To defend the country and render National
service when called upon to do so.
(e) To promote harmony and the spirit of
common brotherhood amongst all the
people of India transending religious,
linguistic and regional or sectional
To renounce practice derogatory to the
dignity of women.
Anti-National activities defined and antinational
associations are to be banned. In the
amendment anti-national activity in relations to
individual or association was defined as follows :
(i) Which is intended or which supports any
claim to bring about, or any ground whats
the cession of a part of the territory of India
or which invites any individual or
association to bring about such cession or
(ii) Which disclaims and threatens, disputes or
intends to threaten or disrupt the
sovereignity and integrity of India on the
security of the State or the unity of the
(iii) Which is intended or intending to create
internal disturbance or the disruption of
(iv) Which is intended to threaten or disrupt
harmony between different religious, racial,
language or rational grounds of castes and
National Integration and Communal Harmony
Orissa Review * January - 2006
In order to strengthen the National
Integration, Guru Nanak (1464-1534), Mahatma
Gandhi (1869-1947) & Santha Vinoba (1885-
1982) and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad's
contribution is rich and memorable. Five hundred
years ago, Guru Nanak was using the word,
"Hindustan" in all his writtings. He propagated
emotional integration. Like today's peace march
and Sadbhabana Yatra, Nanak had toured in the
east Burma, presently Miyanmar, Srilanka and
Southeren India and Himalayas and Manasarovar.
Later he travelled to Mecca and Baghdad.
Santha Kabir (1440-1518) and Swami
Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Paramahansa (1836-
1881) were saying God is one-Allah is Ram,
Rahim, Krishna and Karim. God is the goldsmith
who is preparing ornaments of different qualities
and sizes are upto his choice who receives volition
in the form of pooja, namaj and Prayer. Rama
Krishna Paramhansa said, all religions are the
paths that leads to God.
Swami Vivekananda's message "Why so
much commotion, war, controversy and blood
shed is going on in the name of God ? Those who
have not felt the true spirit of religions should not
talk in vain about God. It is better to be an atheist
than becoming a hipocrat who does not owe or
into any idea about God.
The American born, sister Nivedita (1867-
1911) the ardent disciple of Swami Vivekananda
had aptly said, "Each Indian for ten minutes in the
evening should think that we Indians are one and
we will not renonunce the spirit of unity."
Orissa's harmonious culture : The culture,
religion, centuries of myths, legend and history
have all blended into a grand composite culture
around Lord Jagannath, the Lord of the Universe.
One of the most revered and ancient...