GROUP 24 (moshav Lakish)
Jonathan D. Agojo
Jonathan E. Cariaga
Maria Luisa C. Gealon
Donnah N. Anub
The grape (Vitis vinifera) is one of the table delicacies in India. It belongs to the family Vitaceae. It is one of the most delicious, refreshing and nourishing fruits of the world. It is fairly good source of minerals like calcium, phosphorus and iron and vitamins like B1 and B2. Its juice is a mild laxative and acts as a stimulant to kidneys.
The grape is a native of Armenia, (the USSR). It was introduced in India from Iran and Afghanistan in about 1300 A.D. Grape occupies far more land in the world than any other single fruit, and in production accounts for nearly half of the total world production of all fruits. It is mainly grown in Italy, France and Spain for vine making; in Italy, Turkey, Bulgaria, USA, Greece and Portugal for table delicacies; and in Turkey, Greece, Australia and the USA for raisin preparation. A refreshing snack on a warm summer afternoon, our SUPERIOR SEEDLESS® brand green seedless grapes offer a big burst of mild sweet flavor wrapped in a crisp texture. This early season grape brand was first introduced by us in 1972, and we’ve spent over thirty years perfecting our harvest practices to bring you the highest quality green grape around. Toss some with melons for a tangy fruit salad or pair with mild artisanal cheeses for an extraordinary post-dinner delight. The table grape is primarily a fruit of semi-arid. I tropical regions of the world. It requires a warm dry summer and a cool rainy winter. In such a climate the grape vine sheds leaves and takes rest during winter and puts forth new leaves and fruits with the advent of spring. The fruit matures during summer or when there is no rain. It was a belief in the past that grapes do not perform well in the tropics, as the vine stays evergreen and is capable of producing only small crops of poor quality. But, it is very successfully grown in southern parts of the country where the temperature ranges from 15°C to 40°C and annual rainfall amounts to 50 to 60 cm. The grape is adapted to a wide range of soil types. Almost any soil that will grow ordinary grain crops will grow grape also. However, light friable and well drained soils are most suitable for grape cultivation. Even the shallow soils can be utilized for grape growing, provided there is no any hard pan in the top 1.5 meter. It thrives well under soil pH levels of 6.5 to 7.5. However, Anabe Shahi vines are found to perform well even at a soil. pH of 4.5 in' red loams around Bangalore. Clay loams can also be made use of, provided the drainage is good. Ideal soils are sandy loams and silty loams. Sticky clay soils should be avoided. Highly fertile soils give higher yield, but the berries are very compact and the quality is also poor. The highest yield in the world has been obtained from the sub marginal soils of Hyderabad in Anabe Shahi variety. Therefore, it is clear that the fertility of the soil is limiting factor in case of viticulture (grape farming)
Dormant pruning is a critical component of the grape production system. It provides the mechanism to maintain the training system, allows one to select the fruiting wood, and to manipulate the potential quantity of fruit produced. After a young vine has been trained and all of the “permanent” vine structures are developed, annual pruning should be done during the dormant season (dormant pruning) to remove the previous year’s fruiting canes or spurs (now two years old) and excess one-year-old canes. Pruning should be done to selectively remove unsuitable or extraneous canes, while retaining a small number of good canes. Cane selection serves two functions, to produce fruitful shoots in the coming...