Pages: 23 (7461 words) Published: January 3, 2013
A narrative paragraph or essay:
* Tells a story
* Explains how something happened
Generally, when writing a narrative paragraph you will usually relate events in the order in which they occurred.  Your topic sentence should identify the situation or event and prepare the reader for a story.  An effective narrative is more than just a chronological run through of the things that happen to you in a typical day.  It should contain some element of drama and tension.   You can write an engaging narrative about topics like losing your wallet, discovering that a friend has lied to you, or finding or getting fired from your first job.  Keep in mind that in a narrative essay your readers are not looking for information; they are looking for some dramatic interest or conflict in your story.  They want to be entertained or emotionally engaged. Most narratives are written from the first person (the "I") point of view as in the following example.  Process (also called how to, time order, process analysis)

A process paragraph or essay:
* explains how to do something in a series of steps
* explains how something works
Process writing need not be limited to concrete practical subjects such as building a doghouse or installing drywall.   A process paragraph or essay might tell you how to plan a budget holiday, prepare for final exams, get a deal on a used car, or revive a sputtering romance.  Pick a subject you know about and explain the process in logical steps.  Consider all the information your reader would need in order to follow your instructions. Avoid topics like how to tie your shoes or how to bake an apple pie which are unlikely to excite a reader.  If you work out regularly, you might write about the steps to improved physical fitness.  If you fish, you might offer advice on how to prepare yourself for a fishing trip. Write about what you know, and search for a unique slant on your topic. Process essays that give instructions are most often written in the second person.  Address the reader directly as you, but recall that there is an implied you in imperative (command) sentences.  For example in the sentence, "Remove the lid.", the subject you is understood but not directly stated.  Note how the reader is addressed and how the steps are organized in the following process paragraphs.   Classification

A classification paragraph or essay:
* explains a subject by dividing into types or categories Although we may not think about it much, we are constantly classifying things by breaking them into types, groups or categories. By classifying things, we better understand the distinct qualities of two subjects in the same general group. If we are shopping for a new bicycle, we have probably gone through a process of classification.  Do we want a road bike, a mountain bike, or a hybrid bike?  By breaking down the larger category of bikes into different types of bikes, we are better able to understand the key features of different types of bikes and choose the type that best suits our needs.  Begin your classification paragraph or essay by breaking down your subject into at least three distinct groups or categories.   Examples: types of parenting styles could include strict, liberal, and permissive; types of video games could include role-playing, simulation, and shoot-em-up; types of dogs could include family pets, show dogs, andworking dogs.  However you break down your topic you should identify the basis for the classification.  What are the qualities that distinguish each of your categories?  If you are classifying drivers you might group them into reckless, sensible, and overly cautious.  Your basis for classification then would be how they drive. You might point to some specific examples to illustrate some of their driving behaviours and you might make the link between driving styles and personality. Note how the writer in "Tattoo You" has used classification to provide a humorous picture of annoying...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free