Napoleon Essay

Topics: Corsica, Louis XVI of France, Louis XVIII of France Pages: 3 (849 words) Published: December 30, 2012
Napoleon EssayStefani Shepard November 17, 2012 Napoleon Essay Period 8

Considered one of the world's greatest military leaders, Napoleon Bonaparte was born August 15, 1769, in Ajaccio, Corsica. He was the fourth and second surviving child of Carlo Bonaparte, a lawyer, and his wife, Letizia Ramolino. At the time around Napoleon's birth Corsica's occupation by the French had drawn considerable local resistance. Carlo Bonaparte had at first supported the nationalists siding with their leader, Pasquale Paoli. But after Paoli was forced to flee the island, Carlo switched his allegiance to the French. Graduating early from the military academy, Napoleon returned to Corsica in 1786. Back home Napoleon got behind the Corsican resistance to the French occupation, siding with his father's ally, Pasquale Paoli. When a civil war in Corsica began in April 1793, Napoleon, now an enemy of Paoli, his family relocated to France.

When Napoleon returned to France, he had to have his own military or army. The country was declared a republic in 1792, three years after the Revolution had begun, and the following year King Louis VXI was executed. Ultimately, these acts led to the rise of Maximilien Robespierre. Over time a period known as The Terror began and many as 40,000 people were killed. Napoleon faced many problems that had been faced by the Directory, there was still a threat to power from the Jacobins and the Napoleon wanted to create a centralized republic to avoid the problems that other countries faced. Eventually the Jacobins lost power and Robespierre was executed. In 1795 the Directory took control of the country, a power it would it assume until 1799. All these problems gave a really good military...
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