Napoleon's Fascism

Topics: Fascism, Italian Fascism, Benito Mussolini Pages: 3 (920 words) Published: December 7, 2010
Mussolini had a darwinistic view on life and the struggle of existence. His definition of fascism greatly represents that view and opens up new ideas of life being a duty to serve specific purposes. Mussolini describes fascism as a rule that does not give the majority the right to regulate itself, it believes in heroism and holiness, the rule of divine leaders. Also, he describes that the majority is not capable of ruling, and that nobles are elected through meeting a degree of courage. He explains that there are extreme inequalities in the general public and that political equality, indefinite progress and happiness are all myths. Mussolini viewed the Fascist party as an “ethic” state, giving it personality, viewing it as an almost divine power. Lastly, Mussolini states the importance of a strong military and dedicated peoples ready to sacrifice for their nation. He emphasizes how disciplined peoples with a strong sense of duty create a stable and orderly nation. His obsession with war lead to the expansion of mass society and leveled social classes. According to Mussolini, his creation of fascism completely rejects ideas of peace and instead to looks to war and sacrifice as the deciding factor between true nobles and cowards. He states that pacifism is an act of cowardice and that war brings forth all human strength and distinguishes between the weak and the dignified. Mussolini explains that fascism views life as a struggle and conquest, furthering his darwinistic views. Mussolini’s claims to restore regulation and use of propaganda fueled people’s hopes in his leadership and promise of order, even if that meant a war-like order. These promises led to Mussolini’s popularity in the first years of his rule due to the people of Italy who were dissatisfied with the anarchy that surrounded them and seemed to believe in any person who promised a restoration of order. In his definition, Mussolini describes that there are great inequalities in the general...
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