HUM2052 – Civilization 2: Renaissance through Modern
Bonaparte The French Revolution which put a rift all through Europe in the late 1700’s started out with the financial debt that France acquired by their involvement of the Seven Years’ war and the American Revolution. In 1783 king Louis tried many attempts to fix the issue by taxation. At the time the peasants and middle-class men were the ones being taxed while the noble were exempt. Tired of being mistreated and hit with high prices the middle class started rejected the older, feudal approach to economics. They wanted free trade. This all started in the meeting of the general-estates. The general-estates was consisted of 3 estates, the first estate were the clergy, second estate were the nobility, and the 3rd estate was the remainder of the French society, which were mostly the middle-class men. Even though the 3rd estate was bigger when it came to numbers, but the parliament of Paris stepped and said that each estate can only be counted for one vote. Since the first two estates had a lot in common, most were connected to the royalty tend to vote in the same direction, leaving the third estate outnumbered. Upset the third estate broke away and from the estates general and created the National Assembly. The National Assembly started riots throughout France demanding a new national constitution, one that benefits the common man. These riots stirred up more riots and now the peasants were starting to attack the nobles. In attempt to control the peasants the Assembly created the August Decree. Which worked for only a short time and they were back into rioting again. The Assembly was formed by many different levels of classes. It ranged from the peasants to rich sophisticated men known as bourgeoisie. Bourgeoise was mainly the ones who ran the Assembly. Overtime there was a rift amongst the Assembly...
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