CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Project Proponent
AFRITRACK INVESTMENTS (EA) LTD. is registered as a foreign company for the purpose of business and housing development in Kenya.
1.2 Project Description
The project area falls within parcels No(s). KJD/METO/2435 (2449) and KJD/METO/2546 and is located along the Namanga Highway in the County Council of Olkejuado. The area is highly accessible from the adjacent Namanga Highway. It is approximately 118 KM from Kajiado Town. Namanga's longitude is S 2°32'39.8" and longitude E 36°47'20.2".
1.3 The EIA Study Objectives
The EIA study objectives for the proposed project were:
i. To identify environmental economic, social and health impacts,
ii. To find out the opinions of the public on the envisaged impacts of the project,
iii. To prepare an Environmental Management Plan for the proposed project.
1.4 Scope of the EIA Study.
The study has been conducted to evaluate the impacts of the proposed Development emanating from construction and operations. The EIA project report includes an assessment of impacts of the construction and operations on the following: • Description of the proposed project
• Baseline information (Biophysical and Socio-Economic environment) • A review of the policy, legal and administrative framework • Assessment of the potential environmental impacts of the proposed project on the biophysical, socio-economic and cultural aspects. • Development of the mitigation measures and future monitoring plans.
1.5 Rationale for the Project and the EIA Study
Global Industrialization has been on the upward trend as it is seen as a means of achieving structural transformation of the global economies. A Similar growth has been experienced in Kenya where industrialization has recently been embraced as a strategy for economic development, employment creation and poverty eradication. A policy dubbed “Vision 2030” was developed in 2008 as a framework aimed at achieving industrialization by the year 2030.The aim of this project is therefore to augment the amount of building tiles in Kenya and beyond in response to the growing demand for these products.
The population in Nairobi City and its satellite towns is on the rise. This has led to an increase in the demand for housing provision in Nairobi and its environs. Populations are however migrating out of the City to the satellite towns of Ngong’, Kajiado, Ongata Rongai, inter alia, due to the increased commutability between Nairobi and these satellite towns. This has increased the demand for building materials such as building tiles for the propulsion of housing sector in these towns. The proposed industry is meant to manufacture these building tiles which will see the production of more housing facilities in the housing sector in this region.
The establishment of the proposed tile manufacturing industry is therefore a response project to the growing demand.
Moreover, Industries anchor great national development and attract various investments within its vicinity which would lead to the establishment of population concentrations and ultimately lead to the formation of urban centers.
The central government will benefit in the form of Value Added Taxes (VAT) imposed on construction materials and various fees charged by different government institutions More importantly, the design of the project is well thought out and has taken into consideration all the necessary interventions needed to take care for mitigation of negative impacts on the environment and safeguard safety of construction workers.
Due to the unprecedented rate of environmental degradation in Kenya, the government realized the need to curb the same. This led to the enactment of the Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA), 1999. The Act requires among other things that an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) must be conducted on various categories of projects as...
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