NAACP: The National Association for the Advancement of Coloued People

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The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) was established on February 12th, 1909 and was originally named the ‘National Negro Committee’. This association was founded by a white man from Kentucky, William English Walling, who saw a ‘need for a nation-wide effort to combat evil’. The NAACP philosophy was originally based on 18th Century liberalism as well as the US Constitution and the Declaration of Independence; because of this, the NAACP strongly believed that non-violent protests and legitimate legal actions were the best way to achieve equal rights for all Americans. Throughout the Civil Rights Movements, the NAACP took a strictly passive-aggressive approach. They actively supported Martin Luther King (MLK) and his beliefs in Christianity and greatly assisted the development of his non-violent campaign. The NAACP is based around the idea that all people are created equal and since its establishment it has advocated for the fair and equal treatment of African Americans. The NAACP played an imperative role in the Civil Rights Movements and the impact that they had on African American rights was unparalleled by any other Civil Rights group in America. Throughout the Civil Rights Movements, the NAACP firmly maintained their non-violent approach (accompanied by Martin Luther King) and majorly inspired countless Civil Rights protests, court cases and law changes (it is believed that the NAACPs contributions and achievements were overshadowed by Martin Luther King’s campaigning). Since its establishment in 1909, the NAACP has contributed largely to the success of many history changing civil rights movements throughout the US. Some of the most influential of these include: 1913- opposed president Woodrow Wilsons introduction of ‘Jim Crows’ laws of segregation into the federal government; 1935- legal fight was won by Thurgood Marshall and Charles Houston, allowing an African American student to attend the University of Maryland; 1940-...
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