San Beda College Alabang
On the Mystical Body of Christ
In Partial Fulfillment for the Requirement of the subject Theology 102: Church and Ecumenism.
Paula Mae SP. Palma
BSBA FM 1A
March 8, 2013
Mystici Corporis Christi is a papal encyclical issued by Pope Pius XII during World War II on the Church as the Mystical Body of Christ. It is one of the more important encyclicals of Pope Pius XII, because of its topic, the Church, and because its Church concept was fully included in Lumen Gentium but also strongly debated during and after Vatican II. The Church is called body, because it is a living entity; it is called the body of Christ, because Christ is its Head and Founder; it is called mystical body, because it is neither a purely physical nor a purely spiritual unity, but supernatural. The encyclical builds on a theological development in the 1920s and 1930s of the 20th century in Italy, France, Germany and England, which all re-discovered the ancient Pauline concept of the Mystical Body of Christ. Pius XII utilized these new discoveries and authoritatively added his directions to them, as the Dutch Jesuit Sebastian Tromp documented.Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, Raimondo Spiazzi and Mariano Cordovani, Dominican all professors of the Pontificium Athenaeum Internationale Angelicum, the future Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum had a great influence on the drafting of the encyclical.
The Primary purpose of the doctrine is to invite all those who are drawn by the Holy Spirit to study it and give them the truths of which it proposes to the mind. Through this Encyclical Letter, it helps the readers to understand and develop all that concerns the Church Militant. They are urged not only by the surpassing grandeur of the subject but also by the circumstances of the present time. It also let the readers know what is the history of the church is.
The Church was founded by Jesus Christ’s blood in the Day...
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