Reasons for the Revolts
1. Refusal of Spanish authorities to grant reforms
2. Policy of the Spanish government not allowing the natives to learn the Spanish language 3. Religious intolerance of the friars
4. Imposition of the Polo, tribute and taxes
5. Monopolies and the Galleon Trade
6. Agrarian injustices and cases of land grabbing
7. Greed, cruelty and abuses committed by Spanish authorities
The Filipino Revolts
A. Lakandula and Sulayman Revolt
Setting: Tondo, Manila
Leaders: Lakandula and Sulayman
Cause(s):Gov. Guido de Lavezares refused to exempt Lakandula and his kin from payment of tributes and the confiscation of the natives’ patrimonial land awarded to them by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi as a token of friendship.
Result(s):The natives launched a revolt that coincided with Limahong’s attacks. Through the intervention of Legazpi’s grandson Juan de Salcedo, the natives and their leaders were pacified with the condition that their lands would be retained and that they be exempted from payment of tributes. After the reconciliation, the natives helped the Spaniards in crushing the force of Limahong.
B. Magat Salamat Conspiracy a.k.a. Tondo Conspiracy
Leaders:Magat Salamat, Agustin de Legazpi, Juan Banal (chieftain of Tondo) and Pedro Balingit (chieftain of Pandacan) Cause(s):The desire of the natives to regain the lost freedom of their forefathers Result(s):The conspiracy failed after one of the recruits squealed the information to Spanish authorities which resulted to the arrest of its leaders and their execution.
C. Magalat Revolt
Cause(s):Resentment of the natives in the payment of tribute and the implementation of the polo y servcio Result(s):The revolt for quite some time gave headaches to Spanish authorities; unfortunately, it was quelled after Magalat was assassinated. This is considered as the first authorized political assassination in Philippine history
D. Sumoroy Revolt
Date:1649 to 1650
Cause(s):The governor general ordered the alcalde mayors of Visayas to send able-bodied men to Cavite shipyards to build and repair galleons. The natives resented this for it also meant separation from their families. Result(s):The uprising spread throughout Samar and nearby provinces of Cebu, Masbate and as far as Northern Mindanao. But in July 1650, the revolt was crushed after Sumoroy and his men were enrouted in their fort. Sumoroy and his followers were arrested and executed.
E. Revolt of the Irrayas
Date:Date not mentioned
Leaders:Felix Cutabay and Gabriel Dayag
Cause(s):Oppression committed by the Spanish authorities and the encomienderos Result(s):At first, the uprising was bloody and killed oppressive encomienderos and abusive officials. However, reconciliation took place through the intervention of Fray Pedro de Santo Tomas. As a result, two additional towns were founded—Maquila and Cabagan—two new settlements of the Irrayas.
F. Igorot Revolt
Cause(s):Resistance to Christianity
Result(s):The natives executed Farther Esteban Marin, the curate of Batac Ilocos. Afterwards, Capitan Mateo Aranda sent a punitive expeditionary force to crush the revolt and punish the killer of his curate friend. The Igorot revolt was easily quelled
G. Tamblot Revolt
Leader(s):A babaylan named Tamblot
Cause(s):Religious intolerance of the Catholic authorities after the natives opted to return to their ancestral religion. Result(s): Tamblot revolt was crushed by he combined force of 1,000 Cebuano and 50...